Module: ActionView::Helpers::FormTagHelper

Extended by:
ActiveSupport::Concern
Includes:
TextHelper, UrlHelper
Included in:
ActionView::Helpers, FormHelper, InstanceTagMethods
Defined in:
actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb

Overview

Provides a number of methods for creating form tags that doesn't rely on an Active Record object assigned to the template like FormHelper does. Instead, you provide the names and values manually.

NOTE: The HTML options disabled, readonly, and multiple can all be treated as booleans. So specifying :disabled => true will give disabled="disabled".

Constant Summary

Constant Summary

Constants included from TagHelper

TagHelper::BOOLEAN_ATTRIBUTES

Constants included from ERB::Util

ERB::Util::HTML_ESCAPE, ERB::Util::JSON_ESCAPE

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Methods included from ActiveSupport::Concern

append_features, extended, included

Methods included from TextHelper

#auto_link, #concat, #current_cycle, #cycle, #excerpt, #highlight, #pluralize, #reset_cycle, #safe_concat, #simple_format, #truncate, #word_wrap

Methods included from SanitizeHelper

#sanitize, #sanitize_css, #strip_links, #strip_tags

Methods included from UrlHelper

#button_to, #current_page?, #link_to, #link_to_if, #link_to_unless, #link_to_unless_current, #mail_to, #url_for, #url_options

Methods included from TagHelper

#cdata_section, #content_tag, #escape_once, #tag

Methods included from CaptureHelper

#capture, #content_for, #content_for?, #flush_output_buffer, #with_output_buffer

Methods included from ERB::Util

h, html_escape, j, json_escape

Methods included from ActionDispatch::Routing::UrlFor

#url_for, #url_options

Methods included from ActionDispatch::Routing::PolymorphicRoutes

#polymorphic_path, #polymorphic_url

Instance Method Details

- (Object) check_box_tag(name, value = "1", checked = false, options = {})

Creates a check box form input tag.

Options

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML options for the tag.

Examples

check_box_tag 'accept'
# => <input id="accept" name="accept" type="checkbox" value="1" />

check_box_tag 'rock', 'rock music'
# => <input id="rock" name="rock" type="checkbox" value="rock music" />

check_box_tag 'receive_email', 'yes', true
# => <input checked="checked" id="receive_email" name="receive_email" type="checkbox" value="yes" />

check_box_tag 'tos', 'yes', false, :class => 'accept_tos'
# => <input class="accept_tos" id="tos" name="tos" type="checkbox" value="yes" />

check_box_tag 'eula', 'accepted', false, :disabled => true
# => <input disabled="disabled" id="eula" name="eula" type="checkbox" value="accepted" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 320

def check_box_tag(name, value = "1", checked = false, options = {})
  html_options = { "type" => "checkbox", "name" => name, "id" => sanitize_to_id(name), "value" => value }.update(options.stringify_keys)
  html_options["checked"] = "checked" if checked
  tag :input, html_options
end

- (Object) email_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a text field of type “email”.

Options

  • Accepts the same options as text_field_tag.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 493

def email_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, value, options.stringify_keys.update("type" => "email"))
end

- (Object) field_set_tag(legend = nil, options = nil, &block)

Creates a field set for grouping HTML form elements.

legend will become the fieldset's title (optional as per W3C). options accept the same values as tag.

Examples

<%= field_set_tag do %>
  <p><%= text_field_tag 'name' %></p>
<% end %>
# => <fieldset><p><input id="name" name="name" type="text" /></p></fieldset>

<%= field_set_tag 'Your details' do %>
  <p><%= text_field_tag 'name' %></p>
<% end %>
# => <fieldset><legend>Your details</legend><p><input id="name" name="name" type="text" /></p></fieldset>

<%= field_set_tag nil, :class => 'format' do %>
  <p><%= text_field_tag 'name' %></p>
<% end %>
# => <fieldset class="format"><p><input id="name" name="name" type="text" /></p></fieldset>


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 456

def field_set_tag(legend = nil, options = nil, &block)
  content = capture(&block)
  output = tag(:fieldset, options, true)
  output.safe_concat((:legend, legend)) unless legend.blank?
  output.concat(content)
  output.safe_concat("</fieldset>")
end

- (Object) file_field_tag(name, options = {})

Creates a file upload field. If you are using file uploads then you will also need to set the multipart option for the form tag:

<%= form_tag '/upload', :multipart => true do %>
  <label for="file">File to Upload</label> <%= file_field_tag "file" %>
  <%= submit_tag %>
<% end %>

The specified URL will then be passed a File object containing the selected file, or if the field was left blank, a StringIO object.

Options

  • Creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

Examples

file_field_tag 'attachment'
# => <input id="attachment" name="attachment" type="file" />

file_field_tag 'avatar', :class => 'profile_input'
# => <input class="profile_input" id="avatar" name="avatar" type="file" />

file_field_tag 'picture', :disabled => true
# => <input disabled="disabled" id="picture" name="picture" type="file" />

file_field_tag 'resume', :value => '~/resume.doc'
# => <input id="resume" name="resume" type="file" value="~/resume.doc" />

file_field_tag 'user_pic', :accept => 'image/png,image/gif,image/jpeg'
# => <input accept="image/png,image/gif,image/jpeg" id="user_pic" name="user_pic" type="file" />

file_field_tag 'file', :accept => 'text/html', :class => 'upload', :value => 'index.html'
# => <input accept="text/html" class="upload" id="file" name="file" type="file" value="index.html" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 220

def file_field_tag(name, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, nil, options.update("type" => "file"))
end

- (Object) form_tag(url_for_options = {}, options = {}, *parameters_for_url, &block)

Starts a form tag that points the action to an url configured with url_for_options just like ActionController::Base#url_for. The method for the form defaults to POST.

Options

  • :multipart - If set to true, the enctype is set to “multipart/form-data”.

  • :method - The method to use when submitting the form, usually either “get” or “post”. If “put”, “delete”, or another verb is used, a hidden input with name _method is added to simulate the verb over post.

  • A list of parameters to feed to the URL the form will be posted to.

  • :remote - If set to true, will allow the Unobtrusive JavaScript drivers to control the submit behaviour. By default this behaviour is an ajax submit.

Examples

 form_tag('/posts')
 # => <form action="/posts" method="post">

 form_tag('/posts/1', :method => :put)
 # => <form action="/posts/1" method="put">

 form_tag('/upload', :multipart => true)
 # => <form action="/upload" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">

 <%= form_tag('/posts')do -%>
   <div><%= submit_tag 'Save' %></div>
 <% end -%>
 # => <form action="/posts" method="post"><div><input type="submit" name="submit" value="Save" /></div></form>

<%= form_tag('/posts', :remote => true) %>
 # => <form action="/posts" method="post" data-remote="true">


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 49

def form_tag(url_for_options = {}, options = {}, *parameters_for_url, &block)
  html_options = html_options_for_form(url_for_options, options, *parameters_for_url)
  if block_given?
    form_tag_in_block(html_options, &block)
  else
    form_tag_html(html_options)
  end
end

- (Object) hidden_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a hidden form input field used to transmit data that would be lost due to HTTP's statelessness or data that should be hidden from the user.

Options

  • Creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

Examples

hidden_field_tag 'tags_list'
# => <input id="tags_list" name="tags_list" type="hidden" />

hidden_field_tag 'token', 'VUBJKB23UIVI1UU1VOBVI@'
# => <input id="token" name="token" type="hidden" value="VUBJKB23UIVI1UU1VOBVI@" />

hidden_field_tag 'collected_input', '', :onchange => "alert('Input collected!')"
# => <input id="collected_input" name="collected_input" onchange="alert('Input collected!')"
#    type="hidden" value="" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 183

def hidden_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, value, options.stringify_keys.update("type" => "hidden"))
end

- (Object) image_submit_tag(source, options = {})

Displays an image which when clicked will submit the form.

source is passed to AssetTagHelper#path_to_image

Options

  • :confirm => 'question?' - This will add a JavaScript confirm prompt with the question specified. If the user accepts, the form is processed normally, otherwise no action is taken.

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML options for the tag.

Examples

image_submit_tag("login.png")
# => <input src="/images/login.png" type="image" />

image_submit_tag("purchase.png", :disabled => true)
# => <input disabled="disabled" src="/images/purchase.png" type="image" />

image_submit_tag("search.png", :class => 'search_button')
# => <input class="search_button" src="/images/search.png" type="image" />

image_submit_tag("agree.png", :disabled => true, :class => "agree_disagree_button")
# => <input class="agree_disagree_button" disabled="disabled" src="/images/agree.png" type="image" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 426

def image_submit_tag(source, options = {})
  options.stringify_keys!

  if confirm = options.delete("confirm")
    add_confirm_to_attributes!(options, confirm)
  end

  tag :input, { "type" => "image", "src" => path_to_image(source) }.update(options.stringify_keys)
end

- (Object) label_tag(name = nil, content_or_options = nil, options = nil, &block)

Creates a label element. Accepts a block.

Options

  • Creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

Examples

label_tag 'name'
# => <label for="name">Name</label>

label_tag 'name', 'Your name'
# => <label for="name">Your Name</label>

label_tag 'name', nil, :class => 'small_label'
# => <label for="name" class="small_label">Name</label>


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 159

def label_tag(name = nil, content_or_options = nil, options = nil, &block)
  options = content_or_options if block_given? && content_or_options.is_a?(Hash)
  options ||= {}
  options.stringify_keys!
  options["for"] = sanitize_to_id(name) unless name.blank? || options.has_key?("for")
   :label, content_or_options || name.to_s.humanize, options, &block
end

- (Object) number_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a number field.

Options

  • :min - The minimum acceptable value.

  • :max - The maximum acceptable value.

  • :in - A range specifying the :min and :max values.

  • :step - The acceptable value granularity.

  • Otherwise accepts the same options as text_field_tag.

Examples

number_field_tag 'quantity', nil, :in => 1...10
=> <input id="quantity" name="quantity" min="1" max="9" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 510

def number_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  options = options.stringify_keys
  options["type"] ||= "number"
  if range = options.delete("in") || options.delete("within")
    options.update("min" => range.min, "max" => range.max)
  end
  text_field_tag(name, value, options)
end

- (Object) password_field_tag(name = "password", value = nil, options = {})

Creates a password field, a masked text field that will hide the users input behind a mask character.

Options

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • :size - The number of visible characters that will fit in the input.

  • :maxlength - The maximum number of characters that the browser will allow the user to enter.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

Examples

password_field_tag 'pass'
# => <input id="pass" name="pass" type="password" />

password_field_tag 'secret', 'Your secret here'
# => <input id="secret" name="secret" type="password" value="Your secret here" />

password_field_tag 'masked', nil, :class => 'masked_input_field'
# => <input class="masked_input_field" id="masked" name="masked" type="password" />

password_field_tag 'token', '', :size => 15
# => <input id="token" name="token" size="15" type="password" value="" />

password_field_tag 'key', nil, :maxlength => 16
# => <input id="key" maxlength="16" name="key" type="password" />

password_field_tag 'confirm_pass', nil, :disabled => true
# => <input disabled="disabled" id="confirm_pass" name="confirm_pass" type="password" />

password_field_tag 'pin', '1234', :maxlength => 4, :size => 6, :class => "pin_input"
# => <input class="pin_input" id="pin" maxlength="4" name="pin" size="6" type="password" value="1234" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 253

def password_field_tag(name = "password", value = nil, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, value, options.update("type" => "password"))
end

- (Object) radio_button_tag(name, value, checked = false, options = {})

Creates a radio button; use groups of radio buttons named the same to allow users to select from a group of options.

Options

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML options for the tag.

Examples

radio_button_tag 'gender', 'male'
# => <input id="gender_male" name="gender" type="radio" value="male" />

radio_button_tag 'receive_updates', 'no', true
# => <input checked="checked" id="receive_updates_no" name="receive_updates" type="radio" value="no" />

radio_button_tag 'time_slot', "3:00 p.m.", false, :disabled => true
# => <input disabled="disabled" id="time_slot_300_pm" name="time_slot" type="radio" value="3:00 p.m." />

radio_button_tag 'color', "green", true, :class => "color_input"
# => <input checked="checked" class="color_input" id="color_green" name="color" type="radio" value="green" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 345

def radio_button_tag(name, value, checked = false, options = {})
  html_options = { "type" => "radio", "name" => name, "id" => "#{sanitize_to_id(name)}_#{sanitize_to_id(value)}", "value" => value }.update(options.stringify_keys)
  html_options["checked"] = "checked" if checked
  tag :input, html_options
end

- (Object) range_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a range form element.

Options

  • Accepts the same options as number_field_tag.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 523

def range_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  number_field_tag(name, value, options.stringify_keys.update("type" => "range"))
end

- (Object) search_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a text field of type “search”.

Options

  • Accepts the same options as text_field_tag.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 468

def search_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, value, options.stringify_keys.update("type" => "search"))
end

- (Object) select_tag(name, option_tags = nil, options = {})

Creates a dropdown selection box, or if the :multiple option is set to true, a multiple choice selection box.

Helpers::FormOptions can be used to create common select boxes such as countries, time zones, or associated records. option_tags is a string containing the option tags for the select box.

Options

  • :multiple - If set to true the selection will allow multiple choices.

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

Examples

select_tag "people", options_from_collection_for_select(@people, "name", "id")
# <select id="people" name="people"><option value="1">David</option></select>

select_tag "people", "<option>David</option>"
# => <select id="people" name="people"><option>David</option></select>

select_tag "count", "<option>1</option><option>2</option><option>3</option><option>4</option>"
# => <select id="count" name="count"><option>1</option><option>2</option>
#    <option>3</option><option>4</option></select>

select_tag "colors", "<option>Red</option><option>Green</option><option>Blue</option>", :multiple => true
# => <select id="colors" multiple="multiple" name="colors[]"><option>Red</option>
#    <option>Green</option><option>Blue</option></select>

select_tag "locations", "<option>Home</option><option selected="selected">Work</option><option>Out</option>"
# => <select id="locations" name="locations"><option>Home</option><option selected='selected'>Work</option>
#    <option>Out</option></select>

select_tag "access", "<option>Read</option><option>Write</option>", :multiple => true, :class => 'form_input'
# => <select class="form_input" id="access" multiple="multiple" name="access[]"><option>Read</option>
#    <option>Write</option></select>

select_tag "destination", "<option>NYC</option><option>Paris</option><option>Rome</option>", :disabled => true
# => <select disabled="disabled" id="destination" name="destination"><option>NYC</option>
#    <option>Paris</option><option>Rome</option></select>


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 95

def select_tag(name, option_tags = nil, options = {})
  if Array === option_tags
    ActiveSupport::Deprecation.warn 'Passing an array of option_tags to select_tag implicitly joins them without marking them as HTML-safe. Pass option_tags.join.html_safe instead.', caller
  end

  html_name = (options[:multiple] == true && !name.to_s.ends_with?("[]")) ? "#{name}[]" : name
  if blank = options.delete(:include_blank)
    if blank.kind_of?(String)
      option_tags = "<option value=\"\">#{blank}</option>".html_safe + option_tags
    else
      option_tags = "<option value=\"\"></option>".html_safe + option_tags
    end
  end
   :select, option_tags, { "name" => html_name, "id" => sanitize_to_id(name) }.update(options.stringify_keys)
end

- (Object) submit_tag(value = "Save changes", options = {})

Creates a submit button with the text value as the caption.

Options

  • :confirm => 'question?' - If present the unobtrusive JavaScript drivers will provide a prompt with the question specified. If the user accepts, the form is processed normally, otherwise no action is taken.

  • :disabled - If true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • :disable_with - Value of this parameter will be used as the value for a disabled version of the submit button when the form is submitted. This feature is provided by the unobtrusive JavaScript driver.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML options for the tag.

Examples

submit_tag
# => <input name="commit" type="submit" value="Save changes" />

submit_tag "Edit this article"
# => <input name="commit" type="submit" value="Edit this article" />

submit_tag "Save edits", :disabled => true
# => <input disabled="disabled" name="commit" type="submit" value="Save edits" />

submit_tag "Complete sale", :disable_with => "Please wait..."
# => <input name="commit" data-disable-with="Please wait..."
#    type="submit" value="Complete sale" />

submit_tag nil, :class => "form_submit"
# => <input class="form_submit" name="commit" type="submit" />

submit_tag "Edit", :disable_with => "Editing...", :class => "edit_button"
# => <input class="edit_button" data-disable_with="Editing..."
#    name="commit" type="submit" value="Edit" />

submit_tag "Save", :confirm => "Are you sure?"
# => <input name='commit' type='submit' value='Save'
      data-confirm="Are you sure?" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 389

def submit_tag(value = "Save changes", options = {})
  options.stringify_keys!

  if disable_with = options.delete("disable_with")
    options["data-disable-with"] = disable_with
  end

  if confirm = options.delete("confirm")
    add_confirm_to_attributes!(options, confirm)
  end

  tag :input, { "type" => "submit", "name" => "commit", "value" => value }.update(options.stringify_keys)
end

- (Object) telephone_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {}) Also known as: phone_field_tag

Creates a text field of type “tel”.

Options

  • Accepts the same options as text_field_tag.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 476

def telephone_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, value, options.stringify_keys.update("type" => "tel"))
end

- (Object) text_area_tag(name, content = nil, options = {})

Creates a text input area; use a textarea for longer text inputs such as blog posts or descriptions.

Options

  • :size - A string specifying the dimensions (columns by rows) of the textarea (e.g., “25x10”).

  • :rows - Specify the number of rows in the textarea

  • :cols - Specify the number of columns in the textarea

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • :escape - By default, the contents of the text input are HTML escaped. If you need unescaped contents, set this to false.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

Examples

text_area_tag 'post'
# => <textarea id="post" name="post"></textarea>

text_area_tag 'bio', @user.bio
# => <textarea id="bio" name="bio">This is my biography.</textarea>

text_area_tag 'body', nil, :rows => 10, :cols => 25
# => <textarea cols="25" id="body" name="body" rows="10"></textarea>

text_area_tag 'body', nil, :size => "25x10"
# => <textarea name="body" id="body" cols="25" rows="10"></textarea>

text_area_tag 'description', "Description goes here.", :disabled => true
# => <textarea disabled="disabled" id="description" name="description">Description goes here.</textarea>

text_area_tag 'comment', nil, :class => 'comment_input'
# => <textarea class="comment_input" id="comment" name="comment"></textarea>


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 286

def text_area_tag(name, content = nil, options = {})
  options.stringify_keys!

  if size = options.delete("size")
    options["cols"], options["rows"] = size.split("x") if size.respond_to?(:split)
  end

  escape = options.key?("escape") ? options.delete("escape") : true
  content = html_escape(content) if escape

   :textarea, content.to_s.html_safe, { "name" => name, "id" => sanitize_to_id(name) }.update(options)
end

- (Object) text_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a standard text field; use these text fields to input smaller chunks of text like a username or a search query.

Options

  • :disabled - If set to true, the user will not be able to use this input.

  • :size - The number of visible characters that will fit in the input.

  • :maxlength - The maximum number of characters that the browser will allow the user to enter.

  • Any other key creates standard HTML attributes for the tag.

Examples

text_field_tag 'name'
# => <input id="name" name="name" type="text" />

text_field_tag 'query', 'Enter your search query here'
# => <input id="query" name="query" type="text" value="Enter your search query here" />

text_field_tag 'request', nil, :class => 'special_input'
# => <input class="special_input" id="request" name="request" type="text" />

text_field_tag 'address', '', :size => 75
# => <input id="address" name="address" size="75" type="text" value="" />

text_field_tag 'zip', nil, :maxlength => 5
# => <input id="zip" maxlength="5" name="zip" type="text" />

text_field_tag 'payment_amount', '$0.00', :disabled => true
# => <input disabled="disabled" id="payment_amount" name="payment_amount" type="text" value="$0.00" />

text_field_tag 'ip', '0.0.0.0', :maxlength => 15, :size => 20, :class => "ip-input"
# => <input class="ip-input" id="ip" maxlength="15" name="ip" size="20" type="text" value="0.0.0.0" />


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 141

def text_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  tag :input, { "type" => "text", "name" => name, "id" => sanitize_to_id(name), "value" => value }.update(options.stringify_keys)
end

- (Object) url_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})

Creates a text field of type “url”.

Options

  • Accepts the same options as text_field_tag.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_view/helpers/form_tag_helper.rb', line 485

def url_field_tag(name, value = nil, options = {})
  text_field_tag(name, value, options.stringify_keys.update("type" => "url"))
end