Module: ActionDispatch::Assertions::TagAssertions

Included in:
ActionDispatch::Assertions
Defined in:
actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/testing/assertions/tag.rb

Overview

Pair of assertions to testing elements in the HTML output of the response.

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Details

- (Object) assert_no_tag(*opts)

Identical to assert_tag, but asserts that a matching tag does not exist. (See assert_tag for a full discussion of the syntax.)

Examples

# Assert that there is not a "div" containing a "p"
assert_no_tag :tag => "div", :descendant => { :tag => "p" }

# Assert that an unordered list is empty
assert_no_tag :tag => "ul", :descendant => { :tag => "li" }

# Assert that there is not a "p" tag with between 1 to 3 "img" tags
# as immediate children
assert_no_tag :tag => "p",
           :children => { :count => 1..3, :only => { :tag => "img" } }


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/testing/assertions/tag.rb', line 118

def assert_no_tag(*opts)
  opts = opts.size > 1 ? opts.last.merge({ :tag => opts.first.to_s }) : opts.first
  tag = find_tag(opts)
  assert !tag, "expected no tag, but found tag matching #{opts.inspect} in:\n#{@response.body.inspect}"
end

- (Object) assert_tag(*opts)

Asserts that there is a tag/node/element in the body of the response that meets all of the given conditions. The conditions parameter must be a hash of any of the following keys (all are optional):

  • :tag: the node type must match the corresponding value

  • :attributes: a hash. The node's attributes must match the corresponding values in the hash.

  • :parent: a hash. The node's parent must match the corresponding hash.

  • :child: a hash. At least one of the node's immediate children must meet the criteria described by the hash.

  • :ancestor: a hash. At least one of the node's ancestors must meet the criteria described by the hash.

  • :descendant: a hash. At least one of the node's descendants must meet the criteria described by the hash.

  • :sibling: a hash. At least one of the node's siblings must meet the criteria described by the hash.

  • :after: a hash. The node must be after any sibling meeting the criteria described by the hash, and at least one sibling must match.

  • :before: a hash. The node must be before any sibling meeting the criteria described by the hash, and at least one sibling must match.

  • :children: a hash, for counting children of a node. Accepts the keys:

    • :count: either a number or a range which must equal (or include) the number of children that match.

    • :less_than: the number of matching children must be less than this number.

    • :greater_than: the number of matching children must be greater than this number.

    • :only: another hash consisting of the keys to use to match on the children, and only matching children will be counted.

  • :content: the textual content of the node must match the given value. This will not match HTML tags in the body of a tag???only text.

Conditions are matched using the following algorithm:

  • if the condition is a string, it must be a substring of the value.

  • if the condition is a regexp, it must match the value.

  • if the condition is a number, the value must match number.to_s.

  • if the condition is true, the value must not be nil.

  • if the condition is false or nil, the value must be nil.

Examples

# Assert that there is a "span" tag
assert_tag :tag => "span"

# Assert that there is a "span" tag with id="x"
assert_tag :tag => "span", :attributes => { :id => "x" }

# Assert that there is a "span" tag using the short-hand
assert_tag :span

# Assert that there is a "span" tag with id="x" using the short-hand
assert_tag :span, :attributes => { :id => "x" }

# Assert that there is a "span" inside of a "div"
assert_tag :tag => "span", :parent => { :tag => "div" }

# Assert that there is a "span" somewhere inside a table
assert_tag :tag => "span", :ancestor => { :tag => "table" }

# Assert that there is a "span" with at least one "em" child
assert_tag :tag => "span", :child => { :tag => "em" }

# Assert that there is a "span" containing a (possibly nested)
# "strong" tag.
assert_tag :tag => "span", :descendant => { :tag => "strong" }

# Assert that there is a "span" containing between 2 and 4 "em" tags
# as immediate children
assert_tag :tag => "span",
           :children => { :count => 2..4, :only => { :tag => "em" } }

# Get funky: assert that there is a "div", with an "ul" ancestor
# and an "li" parent (with "class" = "enum"), and containing a
# "span" descendant that contains text matching /hello world/
assert_tag :tag => "div",
           :ancestor => { :tag => "ul" },
           :parent => { :tag => "li",
                        :attributes => { :class => "enum" } },
           :descendant => { :tag => "span",
                            :child => /hello world/ }

Please note: assert_tag and assert_no_tag only work with well-formed XHTML. They recognize a few tags as implicitly self-closing (like br and hr and such) but will not work correctly with tags that allow optional closing tags (p, li, td). You must explicitly close all of your tags to use these assertions.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/testing/assertions/tag.rb', line 98

def assert_tag(*opts)
  opts = opts.size > 1 ? opts.last.merge({ :tag => opts.first.to_s }) : opts.first
  tag = find_tag(opts)
  assert tag, "expected tag, but no tag found matching #{opts.inspect} in:\n#{@response.body.inspect}"
end

- (Object) find_all_tag(conditions)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/testing/assertions/tag.rb', line 128

def find_all_tag(conditions)
  html_document.find_all(conditions)
end

- (Object) find_tag(conditions)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/testing/assertions/tag.rb', line 124

def find_tag(conditions)
  html_document.find(conditions)
end

- (Object) html_document



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/testing/assertions/tag.rb', line 132

def html_document
  xml = @response.content_type =~ /xml$/
  @html_document ||= HTML::Document.new(@response.body, false, xml)
end