Class: Mime::Type

Inherits:
Object show all
Defined in:
actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb

Overview

Encapsulates the notion of a mime type. Can be used at render time, for example, with:

class PostsController < ActionController::Base
  def show
    @post = Post.find(params[:id])

    respond_to do |format|
      format.html
      format.ics { render :text => post.to_ics, :mime_type => Mime::Type["text/calendar"]  }
      format.xml { render :xml => @people.to_xml }
    end
  end
end

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: AcceptItem

Constant Summary

TRAILING_STAR_REGEXP =
/(text|application)\/\*/
@@html_types =
Set.new [:html, :all]
@@browser_generated_types =

These are the content types which browsers can generate without using ajax, flash, etc i.e. following a link, getting an image or posting a form. CSRF protection only needs to protect against these types.

Set.new [:html, :url_encoded_form, :multipart_form, :text]

Instance Attribute Summary (collapse)

Class Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Constructor Details

- (Type) initialize(string, symbol = nil, synonyms = [])



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 205

def initialize(string, symbol = nil, synonyms = [])
  @symbol, @synonyms = symbol, synonyms
  @string = string
end

Dynamic Method Handling

This class handles dynamic methods through the method_missing method

- (Object) method_missing(method, *args) (private)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 260

def method_missing(method, *args)
  if method.to_s =~ /(\w+)\?$/
    $1.downcase.to_sym == to_sym
  else
    super
  end
end

Instance Attribute Details

- (Object) symbol (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute symbol



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 54

def symbol
  @symbol
end

Class Method Details

+ (Object) lookup(string)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 86

def lookup(string)
  LOOKUP[string]
end

+ (Object) lookup_by_extension(extension)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 90

def lookup_by_extension(extension)
  EXTENSION_LOOKUP[extension.to_s]
end

+ (Object) parse(accept_header)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 109

def parse(accept_header)
  if accept_header !~ /,/
    if accept_header =~ TRAILING_STAR_REGEXP
      parse_data_with_trailing_star($1)
    else
      [Mime::Type.lookup(accept_header)]
    end
  else
    # keep track of creation order to keep the subsequent sort stable
    list, index = [], 0
    accept_header.split(/,/).each do |header|
      params, q = header.split(/;\s*q=/)
      if params.present?
        params.strip!

        if params =~ TRAILING_STAR_REGEXP
          parse_data_with_trailing_star($1).each do |m|
            list << AcceptItem.new(index, m.to_s, q)
            index += 1
          end
        else
          list << AcceptItem.new(index, params, q)
          index += 1
        end
      end
    end
    list.sort!

    # Take care of the broken text/xml entry by renaming or deleting it
    text_xml = list.index("text/xml")
    app_xml = list.index(Mime::XML.to_s)

    if text_xml && app_xml
      # set the q value to the max of the two
      list[app_xml].q = [list[text_xml].q, list[app_xml].q].max

      # make sure app_xml is ahead of text_xml in the list
      if app_xml > text_xml
        list[app_xml], list[text_xml] = list[text_xml], list[app_xml]
        app_xml, text_xml = text_xml, app_xml
      end

      # delete text_xml from the list
      list.delete_at(text_xml)

    elsif text_xml
      list[text_xml].name = Mime::XML.to_s
    end

    # Look for more specific XML-based types and sort them ahead of app/xml

    if app_xml
      idx = app_xml
      app_xml_type = list[app_xml]

      while(idx < list.length)
        type = list[idx]
        break if type.q < app_xml_type.q
        if type.name =~ /\+xml$/
          list[app_xml], list[idx] = list[idx], list[app_xml]
          app_xml = idx
        end
        idx += 1
      end
    end

    list.map! { |i| Mime::Type.lookup(i.name) }.uniq!
    list
  end
end

+ (Object) parse_data_with_trailing_star(input)

input: 'text' returned value: [Mime::JSON, Mime::XML, Mime::ICS, Mime::HTML, Mime::CSS, Mime::CSV, Mime::JS, Mime::YAML, Mime::TEXT]

input: 'application' returned value: [Mime::HTML, Mime::JS, Mime::XML, Mime::YAML, Mime::ATOM, Mime::JSON, Mime::RSS, Mime::URL_ENCODED_FORM]



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 185

def parse_data_with_trailing_star(input)
  Mime::SET.select { |m| m =~ input }
end

+ (Object) register(string, symbol, mime_type_synonyms = [], extension_synonyms = [], skip_lookup = false)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 100

def register(string, symbol, mime_type_synonyms = [], extension_synonyms = [], skip_lookup = false)
  Mime.const_set(symbol.to_s.upcase, Type.new(string, symbol, mime_type_synonyms))

  SET << Mime.const_get(symbol.to_s.upcase)

  ([string] + mime_type_synonyms).each { |str| LOOKUP[str] = SET.last } unless skip_lookup
  ([symbol.to_s] + extension_synonyms).each { |ext| EXTENSION_LOOKUP[ext] = SET.last }
end

+ (Object) register_alias(string, symbol, extension_synonyms = [])

Registers an alias that's not used on mime type lookup, but can be referenced directly. Especially useful for rendering different HTML versions depending on the user agent, like an iPhone.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 96

def register_alias(string, symbol, extension_synonyms = [])
  register(string, symbol, [], extension_synonyms, true)
end

+ (Object) unregister(symbol)

This method is opposite of register method.

Usage:

Mime::Type.unregister(:mobile)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 194

def unregister(symbol)
  symbol = symbol.to_s.upcase
  mime = Mime.const_get(symbol)
  Mime.instance_eval { remove_const(symbol) }

  SET.delete_if { |v| v.eql?(mime) }
  LOOKUP.delete_if { |k,v| v.eql?(mime) }
  EXTENSION_LOOKUP.delete_if { |k,v| v.eql?(mime) }
end

Instance Method Details

- (Object) ==(mime_type)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 234

def ==(mime_type)
  return false if mime_type.blank?
  (@synonyms + [ self ]).any? do |synonym|
    synonym.to_s == mime_type.to_s || synonym.to_sym == mime_type.to_sym
  end
end

- (Object) ===(list)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 226

def ===(list)
  if list.is_a?(Array)
    (@synonyms + [ self ]).any? { |synonym| list.include?(synonym) }
  else
    super
  end
end

- (Object) =~(mime_type)



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 241

def =~(mime_type)
  return false if mime_type.blank?
  regexp = Regexp.new(Regexp.quote(mime_type.to_s))
  (@synonyms + [ self ]).any? do |synonym|
    synonym.to_s =~ regexp
  end
end

- (Boolean) html?



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 255

def html?
  @@html_types.include?(to_sym) || @string =~ /html/
end

- (Object) ref



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 222

def ref
  to_sym || to_s
end

- (Object) to_s



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 210

def to_s
  @string
end

- (Object) to_str



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 214

def to_str
  to_s
end

- (Object) to_sym



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 218

def to_sym
  @symbol
end

- (Boolean) verify_request?

Returns true if Action Pack should check requests using this Mime Type for possible request forgery. See ActionController::RequestForgeryProtection.



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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/http/mime_type.rb', line 251

def verify_request?
  @@browser_generated_types.include?(to_sym)
end