Init is a lightweight framework for writing readable, reusable *nix init scripts in Ruby.
Features / Problems
This project tries to conform to:
- Semantic Versioning (2.0.0-rc.1)
- Ruby Packaging Standard (0.5-draft)
- Ruby Style Guide
- Gem Packaging: Best Practices
- Written purely in Ruby.
- Documented with YARD.
- Intended to be used with Ruby 1.8.7 or higher.
- Cryptographically signed gem and git tags.
This documentation defines the public interface of the software. Don't rely on elements marked as private. Those should be hidden in the documentation by default.
In most cases you want to load the library by the following command:
In a bundler Gemfile you should use the following:
Simply subclass Aef::Init and define at least a start and a stop method. At the end, call the parse method on that class.
class DemoSubclass < Aef::Init def start system('echo start') end def stop system('echo stop') end end DemoSubclass.parse
To be able to call the commands from Ruby you should wrap the parse method call in a block that only calls it if the script is executed on the commandline.
if __FILE__ == $PROGRAM_NAME DemoSubclass.parse end
There is no need to implement the command restart in most cases, as there is one defined by default, which simply calls the commands stop and start in a row. A delay between the two commands can be defined:
class DemoSubclass < Aef::Init … stop_start_delay 3 … end
Notice that in earlier versions the default command was preset to :restart which was not as useful in practice than expected. Many unwanted restarts were triggered because of this, so I don't recommend using this feature any more.
Still, a default command can be specified which is called if no command is provided on the command-line:
class DemoSubclass < Aef::Init … default_command :start … end
If you want to share commands between init scripts, you can simply insert an intermediate class between Init and the final implementation. This way you can build reusable libraries and keep your code DRY.
class CommonCommands > Aef::Init def common system('echo common') end end class DemoSubclass > CommonCommands … end
See the examples folder and spec/bin/simple_init.rb for working example classes.
- Ruby 1.8.7 or higher
On *nix systems you may need to prefix the command with sudo to get root privileges.
High security (recommended)
There is a high security installation option available through rubygems. It is highly recommended over the normal installation, although it may be a bit less comfortable. To use the installation method, you will need my gem signing public key, which I use for cryptographic signatures on all my gems.
Add the key to your rubygems' trusted certificates by the following command:
gem cert --add aef-gem.pem
Now you can install the gem while automatically verifying it's signature by the following command:
gem install init -P HighSecurity
Please notice that you may need other keys for dependent libraries, so you may have to install dependencies manually.
gem install init
Go into the root directory of the installed gem and run the following command to fetch all development dependencies:
Afterwards start the test runner:
If something goes wrong you should be noticed through failing examples.
Bugs Reports and Feature Requests
Please use the issue tracker on github.com to let me know about errors or ideas for improvement of this software.
This software is developed in the source code management system Git. There are several synchronized mirror repositories available:
You can get the latest source code with the following command, while exchanging the placeholder for one of the mirror URLs:
git clone MIRROR_URL
The final commit before each released gem version will be marked by a tag named like the version with a prefixed lower-case "v", as required by Semantic Versioning. Every tag will be signed by my OpenPGP public key which enables you to verify your copy of the code cryptographically.
Add the key to your GnuPG keyring by the following command:
gpg --import aef-openpgp.asc
This command will tell you if your code is of integrity and authentic:
git tag -v [TAG NAME]
Help on making this software better is always very appreciated. If you want your changes to be included in the official release, please clone my project on github.com, create a named branch to commit and push your changes into and send me a pull request afterwards.
Please make sure to write tests for your changes so that I won't break them when changing other things on the library. Also notice that I can't promise to include your changes before reviewing them.
Copyright Alexander E. Fischer email@example.com, 2009-2012
This file is part of Init.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.