Class: Settingslogic

Inherits:
Hash
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/settingslogic.rb

Overview

A simple settings solution using a YAML file. See README for more information.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: MissingSetting

Class Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Constructor Details

- (Settingslogic) initialize(hash_or_file = self.class.source, section = nil)

Initializes a new settings object. You can initialize an object in any of the following ways:

Settings.new(:application) # will look for config/application.yml
Settings.new("application.yaml") # will look for application.yaml
Settings.new("/var/configs/application.yml") # will look for /var/configs/application.yml
Settings.new(:config1 => 1, :config2 => 2)

Basically if you pass a symbol it will look for that file in the configs directory of your rails app, if you are using this in rails. If you pass a string it should be an absolute path to your settings file. Then you can pass a hash, and it just allows you to access the hash via methods.



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 94

def initialize(hash_or_file = self.class.source, section = nil)
  #puts "new! #{hash_or_file}"
  case hash_or_file
  when nil
    raise Errno::ENOENT, "No file specified as Settingslogic source"
  when Hash
    self.replace hash_or_file
  else
    file_contents = open(hash_or_file).read
    hash = file_contents.empty? ? {} : YAML.load(ERB.new(file_contents).result).to_hash
    if self.class.namespace
      hash = hash[self.class.namespace] or return missing_key("Missing setting '#{self.class.namespace}' in #{hash_or_file}")
    end
    self.replace hash
  end
  @section = section || self.class.source  # so end of error says "in application.yml"
  create_accessors!
end

Dynamic Method Handling

This class handles dynamic methods through the method_missing method

- (Object) method_missing(name, *args, &block)

Called for dynamically-defined keys, and also the first key deferenced at the top-level, if load! is not used. Otherwise, create_accessors! (called by new) will have created actual methods for each key.



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 115

def method_missing(name, *args, &block)
  key = name.to_s
  return missing_key("Missing setting '#{key}' in #{@section}") unless has_key? key
  value = fetch(key)
  create_accessor_for(key)
  value.is_a?(Hash) ? self.class.new(value, "'#{key}' section in #{@section}") : value
end

Class Method Details

+ (Object) [](key)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 36

def [](key)
  instance.fetch(key.to_s, nil)
end

+ (Object) []=(key, val)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 40

def []=(key, val)
  # Setting[:key][:key2] = 'value' for dynamic settings
  val = new(val, source) if val.is_a? Hash
  instance.store(key.to_s, val)
  instance.create_accessor_for(key, val)
end

+ (Object) get(key)

Enables Settings.get('nested.key.name') for dynamic access



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 15

def get(key)
  parts = key.split('.')
  curs = self
  while p = parts.shift
    curs = curs.send(p)
  end
  curs
end

+ (Object) load!



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 47

def load!
  instance
  true
end

+ (Object) name

:nodoc:



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 10

def name # :nodoc:
  self.superclass != Hash && instance.key?("name") ? instance.name : super
end

+ (Object) namespace(value = nil)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 28

def namespace(value = nil)
  @namespace ||= value
end

+ (Object) reload!



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 52

def reload!
  @instance = nil
  load!
end

+ (Object) source(value = nil)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 24

def source(value = nil)
  @source ||= value
end

+ (Object) suppress_errors(value = nil)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 32

def suppress_errors(value = nil)
  @suppress_errors ||= value
end

Instance Method Details

- (Object) [](key)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 123

def [](key)
  fetch(key.to_s, nil)
end

- (Object) []=(key, val)



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 127

def []=(key,val)
  # Setting[:key][:key2] = 'value' for dynamic settings
  val = self.class.new(val, @section) if val.is_a? Hash
  store(key.to_s, val)
  create_accessor_for(key, val)
end

- (Object) create_accessor_for(key, val = nil)

Use instance_eval/class_eval because they're actually more efficient than define_method{} stackoverflow.com/questions/185947/ruby-definemethod-vs-def bmorearty.wordpress.com/2009/01/09/fun-with-rubys-instance_eval-and-class_eval/



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 152

def create_accessor_for(key, val=nil)
  return unless key.to_s =~ /^\w+$/  # could have "some-setting:" which blows up eval
  instance_variable_set("@#{key}", val)
  self.class.class_eval <<-EndEval
    def #{key}
      return @#{key} if @#{key}
      return missing_key("Missing setting '#{key}' in #{@section}") unless has_key? '#{key}'
      value = fetch('#{key}')
      @#{key} = if value.is_a?(Hash)
        self.class.new(value, "'#{key}' section in #{@section}")
      elsif value.is_a?(Array) && value.all?{|v| v.is_a? Hash}
        value.map{|v| self.class.new(v)}
      else
        value
      end
    end
  EndEval
end

- (Object) create_accessors!

This handles naming collisions with Sinatra/Vlad/Capistrano. Since these use a set() helper that defines methods in Object, ANY method_missing ANYWHERE picks up the Vlad/Sinatra settings! So settings.deploy_to title actually calls Object.deploy_to (from set :deploy_to, "host"), rather than the app_yml hash. Jeezus.



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 143

def create_accessors!
  self.each do |key,val|
    create_accessor_for(key)
  end
end

- (Object) missing_key(msg)

Raises:



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 186

def missing_key(msg)
  return nil if self.class.suppress_errors

  raise MissingSetting, msg
end

- (Object) symbolize_keys



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 171

def symbolize_keys
  
  inject({}) do |memo, tuple|
    
    k = (tuple.first.to_sym rescue tuple.first) || tuple.first
          
    v = k.is_a?(Symbol) ? send(k) : tuple.last # make sure the value is accessed the same way Settings.foo.bar works
    
    memo[k] = v && v.respond_to?(:symbolize_keys) ? v.symbolize_keys : v #recurse for nested hashes
    
    memo
  end
  
end

- (Object) to_hash

Returns an instance of a Hash object



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# File 'lib/settingslogic.rb', line 135

def to_hash
  Hash[self]
end