redis-rb Build Status

A Ruby client library for Redis.

A Ruby client that tries to match Redis' API one-to-one, while still providing an idiomatic interface. It features thread-safety, client-side sharding, pipelining, and an obsession for performance.

Upgrading from 2.x to 3.0

Please refer to the CHANGELOG for a summary of the most important changes, as well as a full list of changes.

Getting started

As of version 2.0 this client only targets Redis version 2.0 and higher. You can use an older version of this client if you need to interface with a Redis instance older than 2.0, but this is no longer supported.

You can connect to Redis by instantiating the Redis class:

require "redis"

redis = Redis.new

This assumes Redis was started with a default configuration, and is listening on localhost, port 6379. If you need to connect to a remote server or a different port, try:

redis = Redis.new(:host => "10.0.1.1", :port => 6380)

To connect to Redis listening on a Unix socket, try:

redis = Redis.new(:path => "/tmp/redis.sock")

To connect to a password protected Redis instance, use:

redis = Redis.new(:password => "mysecret")

The Redis class exports methods that are named identical to the commands they execute. The arguments these methods accept are often identical to the arguments specified on the Redis website. For instance, the SET and GET commands can be called like this:

redis.set("mykey", "hello world")
# => "OK"

redis.get("mykey")
# => "hello world"

All commands, their arguments and return values are documented, and available on rdoc.info.

Storing objects

Redis only stores strings as values. If you want to store an object, you can use a serialization mechanism such as JSON:

require "json"

redis.set "foo", [1, 2, 3].to_json
# => OK

JSON.parse(redis.get("foo"))
# => [1, 2, 3]

Pipelining

When multiple commands are executed sequentially, but are not dependent, the calls can be pipelined. This means that the client doesn't wait for reply of the first command before sending the next command. The advantage is that multiple commands are sent at once, resulting in faster overall execution.

The client can be instructed to pipeline commands by using the #pipelined method. After the block is executed, the client sends all commands to Redis and gathers their replies. These replies are returned by the #pipelined method.

redis.pipelined do
  redis.set "foo", "bar"
  redis.incr "baz"
end
# => ["OK", 1]

Executing commands atomically

You can use MULTI/EXEC to run a number of commands in an atomic fashion. This is similar to executing a pipeline, but the commands are preceded by a call to MULTI, and followed by a call to EXEC. Like the regular pipeline, the replies to the commands are returned by the #multi method.

redis.multi do
  redis.set "foo", "bar"
  redis.incr "baz"
end
# => ["OK", 1]

Futures

Replies to commands in a pipeline can be accessed via the futures they emit (since redis-rb 3.0). All calls inside a pipeline block return a Future object, which responds to the #value method. When the pipeline has succesfully executed, all futures are assigned their respective replies and can be used.

redis.pipelined do
  @set = redis.set "foo", "bar"
  @incr = redis.incr "baz"
end

@set.value
# => "OK"

@incr.value
# => 1

Alternate drivers

By default, redis-rb uses Ruby's socket library to talk with Redis. To use an alternative connection driver it should be specified as option when instantiating the client object. These instructions are only valid for redis-rb 3.0. For instructions on how to use alternate drivers from redis-rb 2.2, please refer to an older README.

hiredis

The hiredis driver uses the connection facility of hiredis-rb. In turn, hiredis-rb is a binding to the official hiredis client library. It optimizes for speed, at the cost of portability. Because it is a C extension, JRuby is not supported (by default).

It is best to use hiredis when you have large replies (for example: LRANGE, SMEMBERS, ZRANGE, etc.) and/or use big pipelines.

In your Gemfile, include hiredis:

gem "redis", "~> 3.0.1"
gem "hiredis", "~> 0.4.5"

When instantiating the client object, specify hiredis:

redis = Redis.new(:driver => :hiredis)

synchrony

The synchrony driver adds support for em-synchrony. This makes redis-rb work with EventMachine's asynchronous I/O, while not changing the exposed API. The hiredis gem needs to be available as well, because the synchrony driver uses hiredis for parsing the Redis protocol.

In your Gemfile, include em-synchrony and hiredis:

gem "redis", "~> 3.0.1"
gem "hiredis", "~> 0.4.5"
gem "em-synchrony"

When instantiating the client object, specify synchrony:

redis = Redis.new(:driver => :synchrony)

Testing

This library is tested using Travis, where it is tested against the following interpreters and drivers:

Contributors

(ordered chronologically with more than 5 commits, see git shortlog -sn for all contributors)

Contributing

Fork the project and send pull requests. You can also ask for help at #redis-rb on Freenode.