Class: Object

Inherits:
BasicObject
Defined in:
class.c

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Details

- (Object) !~

Returns true if two objects do not match (using the =~ method), otherwise false.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj !~ other  -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns true if two objects do not match (using the <i>=~</i>
 *  method), otherwise false.
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_not_match(VALUE obj1, VALUE obj2)
{
    VALUE result = rb_funcall(obj1, id_match, 1, obj2);
    return RTEST(result) ? Qfalse : Qtrue;
}

- (Object) <=>

:nodoc:



# File 'object.c'

/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
rb_obj_cmp(VALUE obj1, VALUE obj2)
{
    if (obj1 == obj2 || rb_equal(obj1, obj2))
    return INT2FIX(0);
    return Qnil;
}

- (Boolean) ===(other)

Case Equality---For class Object, effectively the same as calling #==, but typically overridden by descendants to provide meaningful semantics in case statements.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj === other   -> true or false
 *
 *  Case Equality---For class <code>Object</code>, effectively the same
 *  as calling  <code>#==</code>, but typically overridden by descendants
 *  to provide meaningful semantics in <code>case</code> statements.
 */

VALUE
rb_equal(VALUE obj1, VALUE obj2)
{
    VALUE result;

    if (obj1 == obj2) return Qtrue;
    result = rb_funcall(obj1, id_eq, 1, obj2);
    if (RTEST(result)) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

- (nil) =~(other)

Pattern Match---Overridden by descendants (notably Regexp and String) to provide meaningful pattern-match semantics.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj =~ other  -> nil
 *
 *  Pattern Match---Overridden by descendants (notably
 *  <code>Regexp</code> and <code>String</code>) to provide meaningful
 *  pattern-match semantics.
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_match(VALUE obj1, VALUE obj2)
{
    return Qnil;
}

- (Object) __id__

call-seq:

obj.__id__       -> fixnum
obj.object_id    -> fixnum

Returns an integer identifier for obj. The same number will be returned on all calls to id for a given object, and no two active objects will share an id. Object#object_id is a different concept from the :name notation, which returns the symbol id of name. Replaces the deprecated Object#id.



# File 'gc.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.hash    -> fixnum
 *
 *  Generates a <code>Fixnum</code> hash value for this object. This
 *  function must have the property that <code>a.eql?(b)</code> implies
 *  <code>a.hash == b.hash</code>. The hash value is used by class
 *  <code>Hash</code>. Any hash value that exceeds the capacity of a
 *  <code>Fixnum</code> will be truncated before being used.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_id(VALUE obj)
{
    /*
     *                32-bit VALUE space
     *          MSB ------------------------ LSB
     *  false   00000000000000000000000000000000
     *  true    00000000000000000000000000000010
     *  nil     00000000000000000000000000000100
     *  undef   00000000000000000000000000000110
     *  symbol  ssssssssssssssssssssssss00001110
     *  object  oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo00        = 0 (mod sizeof(RVALUE))
     *  fixnum  fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff1
     *
     *                    object_id space
     *                                       LSB
     *  false   00000000000000000000000000000000
     *  true    00000000000000000000000000000010
     *  nil     00000000000000000000000000000100
     *  undef   00000000000000000000000000000110
     *  symbol   000SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS0        S...S % A = 4 (S...S = s...s * A + 4)
     *  object   oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo0        o...o % A = 0
     *  fixnum  fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff1        bignum if required
     *
     *  where A = sizeof(RVALUE)/4
     *
     *  sizeof(RVALUE) is
     *  20 if 32-bit, double is 4-byte aligned
     *  24 if 32-bit, double is 8-byte aligned
     *  40 if 64-bit
     */
    if (TYPE(obj) == T_SYMBOL) {
        return (SYM2ID(obj) * sizeof(RVALUE) + (4 << 2)) | FIXNUM_FLAG;
    }
    if (SPECIAL_CONST_P(obj)) {
        return LONG2NUM((SIGNED_VALUE)obj);
    }
    return (VALUE)((SIGNED_VALUE)obj|FIXNUM_FLAG);
}

- (Object) assert_Qundef

:nodoc:



# File 'parse.c'

/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
ripper_assert_Qundef(VALUE self, VALUE obj, VALUE msg)
{
    StringValue(msg);
    if (obj == Qundef) {
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "%s", RSTRING_PTR(msg));
    }
    return Qnil;
}

- (Class) class

Returns the class of obj. This method must always be called with an explicit receiver, as class is also a reserved word in Ruby.

1.class      #=> Fixnum
self.class   #=> Object


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.class    -> class
 *
 *  Returns the class of <i>obj</i>. This method must always be
 *  called with an explicit receiver, as <code>class</code> is also a
 *  reserved word in Ruby.
 *
 *     1.class      #=> Fixnum
 *     self.class   #=> Object
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_class(VALUE obj)
{
    return rb_class_real(CLASS_OF(obj));
}

- (Object) clone

Produces a shallow copy of obj---the instance variables of obj are copied, but not the objects they reference. Copies the frozen and tainted state of obj. See also the discussion under Object#dup.

class Klass
   attr_accessor :str
end
s1 = Klass.new      #=> #<Klass:0x401b3a38>
s1.str = "Hello"    #=> "Hello"
s2 = s1.clone       #=> #<Klass:0x401b3998 @str="Hello">
s2.str[1,4] = "i"   #=> "i"
s1.inspect          #=> "#<Klass:0x401b3a38 @str=\"Hi\">"
s2.inspect          #=> "#<Klass:0x401b3998 @str=\"Hi\">"

This method may have class-specific behavior. If so, that behavior will be documented under the #initialize_copy method of the class.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.clone -> an_object
 *
 *  Produces a shallow copy of <i>obj</i>---the instance variables of
 *  <i>obj</i> are copied, but not the objects they reference. Copies
 *  the frozen and tainted state of <i>obj</i>. See also the discussion
 *  under <code>Object#dup</code>.
 *
 *     class Klass
 *        attr_accessor :str
 *     end
 *     s1 = Klass.new      #=> #<Klass:0x401b3a38>
 *     s1.str = "Hello"    #=> "Hello"
 *     s2 = s1.clone       #=> #<Klass:0x401b3998 @str="Hello">
 *     s2.str[1,4] = "i"   #=> "i"
 *     s1.inspect          #=> "#<Klass:0x401b3a38 @str=\"Hi\">"
 *     s2.inspect          #=> "#<Klass:0x401b3998 @str=\"Hi\">"
 *
 *  This method may have class-specific behavior.  If so, that
 *  behavior will be documented under the #+initialize_copy+ method of
 *  the class.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_clone(VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE clone;

    if (rb_special_const_p(obj)) {
        rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't clone %s", rb_obj_classname(obj));
    }
    clone = rb_obj_alloc(rb_obj_class(obj));
    RBASIC(clone)->klass = rb_singleton_class_clone(obj);
    RBASIC(clone)->flags = (RBASIC(obj)->flags | FL_TEST(clone, FL_TAINT) | FL_TEST(clone, FL_UNTRUSTED)) & ~(FL_FREEZE|FL_FINALIZE);
    init_copy(clone, obj);
    rb_funcall(clone, id_init_clone, 1, obj);
    RBASIC(clone)->flags |= RBASIC(obj)->flags & FL_FREEZE;

    return clone;
}

- (Object) define_singleton_method(symbol, method) - (Proc) define_singleton_method(symbol) { ... }

Defines a singleton method in the receiver. The method parameter can be a Proc, a Method or an UnboundMethod object. If a block is specified, it is used as the method body.

class A
  class << self
    def class_name
      to_s
    end
  end
end
A.define_singleton_method(:who_am_i) do
  "I am: #{class_name}"
end
A.who_am_i   # ==> "I am: A"

guy = "Bob"
guy.define_singleton_method(:hello) { "#{self}: Hello there!" }
guy.hello    #=>  "Bob: Hello there!"

Overloads:

  • - (Proc) define_singleton_method(symbol) { ... }

    Yields:



# File 'proc.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     define_singleton_method(symbol, method) -> new_method
 *     define_singleton_method(symbol) { block } -> proc
 *
 *  Defines a singleton method in the receiver. The _method_
 *  parameter can be a +Proc+, a +Method+ or an +UnboundMethod+ object.
 *  If a block is specified, it is used as the method body.
 *
 *     class A
 *       class << self
 *         def class_name
 *           to_s
 *         end
 *       end
 *     end
 *     A.define_singleton_method(:who_am_i) do
 *       "I am: #{class_name}"
 *     end
 *     A.who_am_i   # ==> "I am: A"
 *
 *     guy = "Bob"
 *     guy.define_singleton_method(:hello) { "#{self}: Hello there!" }
 *     guy.hello    #=>  "Bob: Hello there!"
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_define_method(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE klass = rb_singleton_class(obj);

    return rb_mod_define_method(argc, argv, klass);
}

- (nil) display(port = $>)

Prints obj on the given port (default $>). Equivalent to:

def display(port=$>)
  port.write self
end

For example:

1.display
"cat".display
[ 4, 5, 6 ].display
puts

produces:

1cat456


# File 'io.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.display(port=$>)    -> nil
 *
 *  Prints <i>obj</i> on the given port (default <code>$></code>).
 *  Equivalent to:
 *
 *     def display(port=$>)
 *       port.write self
 *     end
 *
 *  For example:
 *
 *     1.display
 *     "cat".display
 *     [ 4, 5, 6 ].display
 *     puts
 *
 *  <em>produces:</em>
 *
 *     1cat456
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_display(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE self)
{
    VALUE out;

    if (argc == 0) {
    out = rb_stdout;
    }
    else {
    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &out);
    }
    rb_io_write(out, self);

    return Qnil;
}

- (Object) dup

Produces a shallow copy of obj---the instance variables of obj are copied, but not the objects they reference. dup copies the tainted state of obj. See also the discussion under Object#clone. In general, clone and dup may have different semantics in descendant classes. While clone is used to duplicate an object, including its internal state, dup typically uses the class of the descendant object to create the new instance.

This method may have class-specific behavior. If so, that behavior will be documented under the #initialize_copy method of the class.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.dup -> an_object
 *
 *  Produces a shallow copy of <i>obj</i>---the instance variables of
 *  <i>obj</i> are copied, but not the objects they reference.
 *  <code>dup</code> copies the tainted state of <i>obj</i>. See also
 *  the discussion under <code>Object#clone</code>. In general,
 *  <code>clone</code> and <code>dup</code> may have different semantics
 *  in descendant classes. While <code>clone</code> is used to duplicate
 *  an object, including its internal state, <code>dup</code> typically
 *  uses the class of the descendant object to create the new instance.
 *
 *  This method may have class-specific behavior.  If so, that
 *  behavior will be documented under the #+initialize_copy+ method of
 *  the class.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_dup(VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE dup;

    if (rb_special_const_p(obj)) {
        rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't dup %s", rb_obj_classname(obj));
    }
    dup = rb_obj_alloc(rb_obj_class(obj));
    init_copy(dup, obj);
    rb_funcall(dup, id_init_dup, 1, obj);

    return dup;
}

- (Object) to_enum(method = :each, *args) - (Object) enum_for(method = :each, *args)

Returns Enumerator.new(self, method, *args).

e.g.:

str = "xyz"

enum = str.enum_for(:each_byte)
a = enum.map {|b| '%02x' % b } #=> ["78", "79", "7a"]

# protects an array from being modified
a = [1, 2, 3]
some_method(a.to_enum)


# File 'enumerator.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *    obj.to_enum(method = :each, *args)
 *    obj.enum_for(method = :each, *args)
 *
 *  Returns Enumerator.new(self, method, *args).
 *
 *  e.g.:
 *
 *     str = "xyz"
 *
 *     enum = str.enum_for(:each_byte)
 *     a = enum.map {|b| '%02x' % b } #=> ["78", "79", "7a"]
 *
 *     # protects an array from being modified
 *     a = [1, 2, 3]
 *     some_method(a.to_enum)
 *
 */
static VALUE
obj_to_enum(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE meth = sym_each;

    if (argc > 0) {
    --argc;
    meth = *argv++;
    }
    return rb_enumeratorize(obj, meth, argc, argv);
}

- (Boolean) ==(other) - (Boolean) equal?(other) - (Boolean) eql?(other)

Equality---At the Object level, == returns true only if obj and other are the same object. Typically, this method is overridden in descendant classes to provide class-specific meaning.

Unlike ==, the equal? method should never be overridden by subclasses: it is used to determine object identity (that is, a.equal?(b) iff a is the same object as b).

The eql? method returns true if obj and anObject have the same value. Used by Hash to test members for equality. For objects of class Object, eql? is synonymous with ==. Subclasses normally continue this tradition, but there are exceptions. Numeric types, for example, perform type conversion across ==, but not across eql?, so:

1 == 1.0     #=> true
1.eql? 1.0   #=> false


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj == other        -> true or false
 *     obj.equal?(other)   -> true or false
 *     obj.eql?(other)     -> true or false
 *
 *  Equality---At the <code>Object</code> level, <code>==</code> returns
 *  <code>true</code> only if <i>obj</i> and <i>other</i> are the
 *  same object. Typically, this method is overridden in descendant
 *  classes to provide class-specific meaning.
 *
 *  Unlike <code>==</code>, the <code>equal?</code> method should never be
 *  overridden by subclasses: it is used to determine object identity
 *  (that is, <code>a.equal?(b)</code> iff <code>a</code> is the same
 *  object as <code>b</code>).
 *
 *  The <code>eql?</code> method returns <code>true</code> if
 *  <i>obj</i> and <i>anObject</i> have the same value. Used by
 *  <code>Hash</code> to test members for equality.  For objects of
 *  class <code>Object</code>, <code>eql?</code> is synonymous with
 *  <code>==</code>. Subclasses normally continue this tradition, but
 *  there are exceptions. <code>Numeric</code> types, for example,
 *  perform type conversion across <code>==</code>, but not across
 *  <code>eql?</code>, so:
 *
 *     1 == 1.0     #=> true
 *     1.eql? 1.0   #=> false
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_equal(VALUE obj1, VALUE obj2)
{
    if (obj1 == obj2) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Object) extend

Adds to obj the instance methods from each module given as a parameter.

module Mod
  def hello
    "Hello from Mod.\n"
  end
end

class Klass
  def hello
    "Hello from Klass.\n"
  end
end

k = Klass.new
k.hello         #=> "Hello from Klass.\n"
k.extend(Mod)   #=> #<Klass:0x401b3bc8>
k.hello         #=> "Hello from Mod.\n"


# File 'eval.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.extend(module, ...)    -> obj
 *
 *  Adds to _obj_ the instance methods from each module given as a
 *  parameter.
 *
 *     module Mod
 *       def hello
 *         "Hello from Mod.\n"
 *       end
 *     end
 *
 *     class Klass
 *       def hello
 *         "Hello from Klass.\n"
 *       end
 *     end
 *
 *     k = Klass.new
 *     k.hello         #=> "Hello from Klass.\n"
 *     k.extend(Mod)   #=> #<Klass:0x401b3bc8>
 *     k.hello         #=> "Hello from Mod.\n"
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_extend(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    int i;

    if (argc == 0) {
    rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong number of arguments (at least 1)");
    }
    for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
    Check_Type(argv[i], T_MODULE);
    while (argc--) {
    rb_funcall(argv[argc], rb_intern("extend_object"), 1, obj);
    rb_funcall(argv[argc], rb_intern("extended"), 1, obj);
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Object) freeze

Prevents further modifications to obj. A RuntimeError will be raised if modification is attempted. There is no way to unfreeze a frozen object. See also Object#frozen?.

This method returns self.

a = [ "a", "b", "c" ]
a.freeze
a << "z"

produces:

prog.rb:3:in `<<': can't modify frozen array (RuntimeError)
 from prog.rb:3


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.freeze    -> obj
 *
 *  Prevents further modifications to <i>obj</i>. A
 *  <code>RuntimeError</code> will be raised if modification is attempted.
 *  There is no way to unfreeze a frozen object. See also
 *  <code>Object#frozen?</code>.
 *
 *  This method returns self.
 *
 *     a = [ "a", "b", "c" ]
 *     a.freeze
 *     a << "z"
 *
 *  <em>produces:</em>
 *
 *     prog.rb:3:in `<<': can't modify frozen array (RuntimeError)
 *      from prog.rb:3
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_freeze(VALUE obj)
{
    if (!OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) {
    if (rb_safe_level() >= 4 && !OBJ_UNTRUSTED(obj)) {
        rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "Insecure: can't freeze object");
    }
    OBJ_FREEZE(obj);
    if (SPECIAL_CONST_P(obj)) {
        if (!immediate_frozen_tbl) {
        immediate_frozen_tbl = st_init_numtable();
        }
        st_insert(immediate_frozen_tbl, obj, (st_data_t)Qtrue);
    }
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Boolean) frozen?

Returns the freeze status of obj.

a = [ "a", "b", "c" ]
a.freeze    #=> ["a", "b", "c"]
a.frozen?   #=> true


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.frozen?    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns the freeze status of <i>obj</i>.
 *
 *     a = [ "a", "b", "c" ]
 *     a.freeze    #=> ["a", "b", "c"]
 *     a.frozen?   #=> true
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_frozen_p(VALUE obj)
{
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) return Qtrue;
    if (SPECIAL_CONST_P(obj)) {
    if (!immediate_frozen_tbl) return Qfalse;
    if (st_lookup(immediate_frozen_tbl, obj, 0)) return Qtrue;
    }
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Object) hash

- (Object) initialize_clone

:nodoc:



# File 'object.c'

/* :nodoc: */
VALUE
rb_obj_init_dup_clone(VALUE obj, VALUE orig)
{
    rb_funcall(obj, id_init_copy, 1, orig);
    return obj;
}

- (Object) initialize_copy

:nodoc:



# File 'object.c'

/* :nodoc: */
VALUE
rb_obj_init_copy(VALUE obj, VALUE orig)
{
    if (obj == orig) return obj;
    rb_check_frozen(obj);
    if (TYPE(obj) != TYPE(orig) || rb_obj_class(obj) != rb_obj_class(orig)) {
    rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "initialize_copy should take same class object");
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Object) initialize_dup

:nodoc:



# File 'object.c'

/* :nodoc: */
VALUE
rb_obj_init_dup_clone(VALUE obj, VALUE orig)
{
    rb_funcall(obj, id_init_copy, 1, orig);
    return obj;
}

- (String) inspect

Returns a string containing a human-readable representation of obj. If not overridden and no instance variables, uses the to_s method to generate the string. obj. If not overridden, uses the to_s method to generate the string.

[ 1, 2, 3..4, 'five' ].inspect   #=> "[1, 2, 3..4, \"five\"]"
Time.new.inspect                 #=> "2008-03-08 19:43:39 +0900"


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.inspect   -> string
 *
 *  Returns a string containing a human-readable representation of
 *  <i>obj</i>. If not overridden and no instance variables, uses the
 *  <code>to_s</code> method to generate the string.
 *  <i>obj</i>.  If not overridden, uses the <code>to_s</code> method to
 *  generate the string.
 *
 *     [ 1, 2, 3..4, 'five' ].inspect   #=> "[1, 2, 3..4, \"five\"]"
 *     Time.new.inspect                 #=> "2008-03-08 19:43:39 +0900"
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_inspect(VALUE obj)
{
    extern int rb_obj_basic_to_s_p(VALUE);

    if (TYPE(obj) == T_OBJECT && rb_obj_basic_to_s_p(obj)) {
        int has_ivar = 0;
        VALUE *ptr = ROBJECT_IVPTR(obj);
        long len = ROBJECT_NUMIV(obj);
        long i;

        for (i = 0; i < len; i++) {
            if (ptr[i] != Qundef) {
                has_ivar = 1;
                break;
            }
        }

        if (has_ivar) {
            VALUE str;
            const char *c = rb_obj_classname(obj);

            str = rb_sprintf("-<%s:%p", c, (void*)obj);
            return rb_exec_recursive(inspect_obj, obj, str);
        }
    return rb_any_to_s(obj);
    }
    return rb_funcall(obj, rb_intern("to_s"), 0, 0);
}

- (Boolean) instance_of?

Returns true if obj is an instance of the given class. See also Object#kind_of?.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.instance_of?(class)    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>obj</i> is an instance of the given
 *  class. See also <code>Object#kind_of?</code>.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_is_instance_of(VALUE obj, VALUE c)
{
    switch (TYPE(c)) {
      case T_MODULE:
      case T_CLASS:
      case T_ICLASS:
    break;
      default:
    rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "class or module required");
    }

    if (rb_obj_class(obj) == c) return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Boolean) instance_variable_defined?(symbol)

Returns true if the given instance variable is defined in obj.

class Fred
  def initialize(p1, p2)
    @a, @b = p1, p2
  end
end
fred = Fred.new('cat', 99)
fred.instance_variable_defined?(:@a)    #=> true
fred.instance_variable_defined?("@b")   #=> true
fred.instance_variable_defined?("@c")   #=> false


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.instance_variable_defined?(symbol)    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the given instance variable is
 *  defined in <i>obj</i>.
 *
 *     class Fred
 *       def initialize(p1, p2)
 *         @a, @b = p1, p2
 *       end
 *     end
 *     fred = Fred.new('cat', 99)
 *     fred.instance_variable_defined?(:@a)    #=> true
 *     fred.instance_variable_defined?("@b")   #=> true
 *     fred.instance_variable_defined?("@c")   #=> false
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_ivar_defined(VALUE obj, VALUE iv)
{
    ID id = rb_to_id(iv);

    if (!rb_is_instance_id(id)) {
    rb_name_error(id, "`%s' is not allowed as an instance variable name", rb_id2name(id));
    }
    return rb_ivar_defined(obj, id);
}

- (Object) instance_variable_get(symbol)

Returns the value of the given instance variable, or nil if the instance variable is not set. The @ part of the variable name should be included for regular instance variables. Throws a NameError exception if the supplied symbol is not valid as an instance variable name.

class Fred
  def initialize(p1, p2)
    @a, @b = p1, p2
  end
end
fred = Fred.new('cat', 99)
fred.instance_variable_get(:@a)    #=> "cat"
fred.instance_variable_get("@b")   #=> 99


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.instance_variable_get(symbol)    -> obj
 *
 *  Returns the value of the given instance variable, or nil if the
 *  instance variable is not set. The <code>@</code> part of the
 *  variable name should be included for regular instance
 *  variables. Throws a <code>NameError</code> exception if the
 *  supplied symbol is not valid as an instance variable name.
 *
 *     class Fred
 *       def initialize(p1, p2)
 *         @a, @b = p1, p2
 *       end
 *     end
 *     fred = Fred.new('cat', 99)
 *     fred.instance_variable_get(:@a)    #=> "cat"
 *     fred.instance_variable_get("@b")   #=> 99
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_ivar_get(VALUE obj, VALUE iv)
{
    ID id = rb_to_id(iv);

    if (!rb_is_instance_id(id)) {
    rb_name_error(id, "`%s' is not allowed as an instance variable name", rb_id2name(id));
    }
    return rb_ivar_get(obj, id);
}

- (Object) instance_variable_set(symbol, obj)

Sets the instance variable names by symbol to object, thereby frustrating the efforts of the class's author to attempt to provide proper encapsulation. The variable did not have to exist prior to this call.

class Fred
  def initialize(p1, p2)
    @a, @b = p1, p2
  end
end
fred = Fred.new('cat', 99)
fred.instance_variable_set(:@a, 'dog')   #=> "dog"
fred.instance_variable_set(:@c, 'cat')   #=> "cat"
fred.inspect                             #=> "#<Fred:0x401b3da8 @a=\"dog\", @b=99, @c=\"cat\">"


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.instance_variable_set(symbol, obj)    -> obj
 *
 *  Sets the instance variable names by <i>symbol</i> to
 *  <i>object</i>, thereby frustrating the efforts of the class's
 *  author to attempt to provide proper encapsulation. The variable
 *  did not have to exist prior to this call.
 *
 *     class Fred
 *       def initialize(p1, p2)
 *         @a, @b = p1, p2
 *       end
 *     end
 *     fred = Fred.new('cat', 99)
 *     fred.instance_variable_set(:@a, 'dog')   #=> "dog"
 *     fred.instance_variable_set(:@c, 'cat')   #=> "cat"
 *     fred.inspect                             #=> "#<Fred:0x401b3da8 @a=\"dog\", @b=99, @c=\"cat\">"
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_ivar_set(VALUE obj, VALUE iv, VALUE val)
{
    ID id = rb_to_id(iv);

    if (!rb_is_instance_id(id)) {
    rb_name_error(id, "`%s' is not allowed as an instance variable name", rb_id2name(id));
    }
    return rb_ivar_set(obj, id, val);
}

- (Array) instance_variables

Returns an array of instance variable names for the receiver. Note that simply defining an accessor does not create the corresponding instance variable.

class Fred
  attr_accessor :a1
  def initialize
    @iv = 3
  end
end
Fred.new.instance_variables   #=> [:@iv]


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.instance_variables    -> array
 *
 *  Returns an array of instance variable names for the receiver. Note
 *  that simply defining an accessor does not create the corresponding
 *  instance variable.
 *
 *     class Fred
 *       attr_accessor :a1
 *       def initialize
 *         @iv = 3
 *       end
 *     end
 *     Fred.new.instance_variables   #=> [:@iv]
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_instance_variables(VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE ary;

    ary = rb_ary_new();
    rb_ivar_foreach(obj, ivar_i, ary);
    return ary;
}

- (Boolean) is_a? - (Boolean) kind_of?

Returns true if class is the class of obj, or if class is one of the superclasses of obj or modules included in obj.

module M;    end
class A
  include M
end
class B < A; end
class C < B; end
b = B.new
b.instance_of? A   #=> false
b.instance_of? B   #=> true
b.instance_of? C   #=> false
b.instance_of? M   #=> false
b.kind_of? A       #=> true
b.kind_of? B       #=> true
b.kind_of? C       #=> false
b.kind_of? M       #=> true


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.is_a?(class)       -> true or false
 *     obj.kind_of?(class)    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>class</i> is the class of
 *  <i>obj</i>, or if <i>class</i> is one of the superclasses of
 *  <i>obj</i> or modules included in <i>obj</i>.
 *
 *     module M;    end
 *     class A
 *       include M
 *     end
 *     class B < A; end
 *     class C < B; end
 *     b = B.new
 *     b.instance_of? A   #=> false
 *     b.instance_of? B   #=> true
 *     b.instance_of? C   #=> false
 *     b.instance_of? M   #=> false
 *     b.kind_of? A       #=> true
 *     b.kind_of? B       #=> true
 *     b.kind_of? C       #=> false
 *     b.kind_of? M       #=> true
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_is_kind_of(VALUE obj, VALUE c)
{
    VALUE cl = CLASS_OF(obj);

    switch (TYPE(c)) {
      case T_MODULE:
      case T_CLASS:
      case T_ICLASS:
    break;

      default:
    rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "class or module required");
    }

    while (cl) {
    if (cl == c || RCLASS_M_TBL(cl) == RCLASS_M_TBL(c))
        return Qtrue;
    cl = RCLASS_SUPER(cl);
    }
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Boolean) is_a? - (Boolean) kind_of?

Returns true if class is the class of obj, or if class is one of the superclasses of obj or modules included in obj.

module M;    end
class A
  include M
end
class B < A; end
class C < B; end
b = B.new
b.instance_of? A   #=> false
b.instance_of? B   #=> true
b.instance_of? C   #=> false
b.instance_of? M   #=> false
b.kind_of? A       #=> true
b.kind_of? B       #=> true
b.kind_of? C       #=> false
b.kind_of? M       #=> true


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.is_a?(class)       -> true or false
 *     obj.kind_of?(class)    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if <i>class</i> is the class of
 *  <i>obj</i>, or if <i>class</i> is one of the superclasses of
 *  <i>obj</i> or modules included in <i>obj</i>.
 *
 *     module M;    end
 *     class A
 *       include M
 *     end
 *     class B < A; end
 *     class C < B; end
 *     b = B.new
 *     b.instance_of? A   #=> false
 *     b.instance_of? B   #=> true
 *     b.instance_of? C   #=> false
 *     b.instance_of? M   #=> false
 *     b.kind_of? A       #=> true
 *     b.kind_of? B       #=> true
 *     b.kind_of? C       #=> false
 *     b.kind_of? M       #=> true
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_is_kind_of(VALUE obj, VALUE c)
{
    VALUE cl = CLASS_OF(obj);

    switch (TYPE(c)) {
      case T_MODULE:
      case T_CLASS:
      case T_ICLASS:
    break;

      default:
    rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "class or module required");
    }

    while (cl) {
    if (cl == c || RCLASS_M_TBL(cl) == RCLASS_M_TBL(c))
        return Qtrue;
    cl = RCLASS_SUPER(cl);
    }
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Object) method(sym)

Looks up the named method as a receiver in obj, returning a Method object (or raising NameError). The Method object acts as a closure in obj's object instance, so instance variables and the value of self remain available.

class Demo
  def initialize(n)
    @iv = n
  end
  def hello()
    "Hello, @iv = #{@iv}"
  end
end

k = Demo.new(99)
m = k.method(:hello)
m.call   #=> "Hello, @iv = 99"

l = Demo.new('Fred')
m = l.method("hello")
m.call   #=> "Hello, @iv = Fred"


# File 'proc.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.method(sym)    -> method
 *
 *  Looks up the named method as a receiver in <i>obj</i>, returning a
 *  <code>Method</code> object (or raising <code>NameError</code>). The
 *  <code>Method</code> object acts as a closure in <i>obj</i>'s object
 *  instance, so instance variables and the value of <code>self</code>
 *  remain available.
 *
 *     class Demo
 *       def initialize(n)
 *         @iv = n
 *       end
 *       def hello()
 *         "Hello, @iv = #{@iv}"
 *       end
 *     end
 *
 *     k = Demo.new(99)
 *     m = k.method(:hello)
 *     m.call   #=> "Hello, @iv = 99"
 *
 *     l = Demo.new('Fred')
 *     m = l.method("hello")
 *     m.call   #=> "Hello, @iv = Fred"
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_method(VALUE obj, VALUE vid)
{
    return mnew(CLASS_OF(obj), obj, rb_to_id(vid), rb_cMethod, FALSE);
}

- (Object) methods

- (Object) nil?

call_seq:

nil.nil?               -> true
<anything_else>.nil?   -> false

Only the object nil responds true to nil?.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 * call_seq:
 *   nil.nil?               -> true
 *   <anything_else>.nil?   -> false
 *
 * Only the object <i>nil</i> responds <code>true</code> to <code>nil?</code>.
 */


static VALUE
rb_false(VALUE obj)
{
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Fixnum) __id__ - (Fixnum) object_id

Returns an integer identifier for obj. The same number will be returned on all calls to id for a given object, and no two active objects will share an id. Object#object_id is a different concept from the :name notation, which returns the symbol id of name. Replaces the deprecated Object#id.



# File 'gc.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.hash    -> fixnum
 *
 *  Generates a <code>Fixnum</code> hash value for this object. This
 *  function must have the property that <code>a.eql?(b)</code> implies
 *  <code>a.hash == b.hash</code>. The hash value is used by class
 *  <code>Hash</code>. Any hash value that exceeds the capacity of a
 *  <code>Fixnum</code> will be truncated before being used.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_id(VALUE obj)
{
    /*
     *                32-bit VALUE space
     *          MSB ------------------------ LSB
     *  false   00000000000000000000000000000000
     *  true    00000000000000000000000000000010
     *  nil     00000000000000000000000000000100
     *  undef   00000000000000000000000000000110
     *  symbol  ssssssssssssssssssssssss00001110
     *  object  oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo00        = 0 (mod sizeof(RVALUE))
     *  fixnum  fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff1
     *
     *                    object_id space
     *                                       LSB
     *  false   00000000000000000000000000000000
     *  true    00000000000000000000000000000010
     *  nil     00000000000000000000000000000100
     *  undef   00000000000000000000000000000110
     *  symbol   000SSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSS0        S...S % A = 4 (S...S = s...s * A + 4)
     *  object   oooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo0        o...o % A = 0
     *  fixnum  fffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff1        bignum if required
     *
     *  where A = sizeof(RVALUE)/4
     *
     *  sizeof(RVALUE) is
     *  20 if 32-bit, double is 4-byte aligned
     *  24 if 32-bit, double is 8-byte aligned
     *  40 if 64-bit
     */
    if (TYPE(obj) == T_SYMBOL) {
        return (SYM2ID(obj) * sizeof(RVALUE) + (4 << 2)) | FIXNUM_FLAG;
    }
    if (SPECIAL_CONST_P(obj)) {
        return LONG2NUM((SIGNED_VALUE)obj);
    }
    return (VALUE)((SIGNED_VALUE)obj|FIXNUM_FLAG);
}

- (Object) private_methods

- (Object) protected_methods

- (Object) public_method(sym)

Similar to method, searches public method only.



# File 'proc.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.public_method(sym)    -> method
 *
 *  Similar to _method_, searches public method only.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_public_method(VALUE obj, VALUE vid)
{
    return mnew(CLASS_OF(obj), obj, rb_to_id(vid), rb_cMethod, TRUE);
}

- (Object) public_methods

- (Object) public_send(symbol[, args...])

Invokes the method identified by symbol, passing it any arguments specified. Unlike send, public_send calls public methods only.

1.public_send(:puts, "hello")  # causes NoMethodError


# File 'vm_eval.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.public_send(symbol [, args...])  -> obj
 *
 *  Invokes the method identified by _symbol_, passing it any
 *  arguments specified. Unlike send, public_send calls public
 *  methods only.
 *
 *     1.public_send(:puts, "hello")  # causes NoMethodError
 */

VALUE
rb_f_public_send(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE recv)
{
    return send_internal(argc, argv, recv, CALL_PUBLIC);
}

- (Object) rawVALUE

:nodoc:



# File 'parse.c'

/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
ripper_value(VALUE self, VALUE obj)
{
    return ULONG2NUM(obj);
}

- (Object) remove_instance_variable(symbol)

Removes the named instance variable from obj, returning that variable's value.

class Dummy
  attr_reader :var
  def initialize
    @var = 99
  end
  def remove
    remove_instance_variable(:@var)
  end
end
d = Dummy.new
d.var      #=> 99
d.remove   #=> 99
d.var      #=> nil


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.remove_instance_variable(symbol)    -> obj
 *
 *  Removes the named instance variable from <i>obj</i>, returning that
 *  variable's value.
 *
 *     class Dummy
 *       attr_reader :var
 *       def initialize
 *         @var = 99
 *       end
 *       def remove
 *         remove_instance_variable(:@var)
 *       end
 *     end
 *     d = Dummy.new
 *     d.var      #=> 99
 *     d.remove   #=> 99
 *     d.var      #=> nil
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_remove_instance_variable(VALUE obj, VALUE name)
{
    VALUE val = Qnil;
    const ID id = rb_to_id(name);
    st_data_t n, v;
    struct st_table *iv_index_tbl;
    st_data_t index;

    if (!OBJ_UNTRUSTED(obj) && rb_safe_level() >= 4)
	rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "Insecure: can't modify instance variable");
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) rb_error_frozen("object");
    if (!rb_is_instance_id(id)) {
	rb_name_error(id, "`%s' is not allowed as an instance variable name", rb_id2name(id));
    }

    switch (TYPE(obj)) {
      case T_OBJECT:
        iv_index_tbl = ROBJECT_IV_INDEX_TBL(obj);
        if (!iv_index_tbl) break;
        if (!st_lookup(iv_index_tbl, (st_data_t)id, &index)) break;
        if (ROBJECT_NUMIV(obj) <= (long)index) break;
        val = ROBJECT_IVPTR(obj)[index];
        if (val != Qundef) {
            ROBJECT_IVPTR(obj)[index] = Qundef;
            return val;
        }
	break;
      case T_CLASS:
      case T_MODULE:
	n = id;
	if (RCLASS_IV_TBL(obj) && st_delete(RCLASS_IV_TBL(obj), &n, &v)) {
	    return (VALUE)v;
	}
	break;
      default:
	if (FL_TEST(obj, FL_EXIVAR) || rb_special_const_p(obj)) {
	    v = val;
	    if (generic_ivar_remove(obj, (st_data_t)id, &v)) {
		return (VALUE)v;
	    }
	}
	break;
    }
    rb_name_error(id, "instance variable %s not defined", rb_id2name(id));
    return Qnil;		/* not reached */
}

- (Boolean) respond_to?(symbol, include_private = false)

Returns true if obj responds to the given method. Private methods are included in the search only if the optional second parameter evaluates to true.

If the method is not implemented, as Process.fork on Windows, File.lchmod on GNU/Linux, etc., false is returned.

If the method is not defined, respond_to_missing? method is called and the result is returned.



# File 'vm_method.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.respond_to?(symbol, include_private=false) -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns +true+ if _obj_ responds to the given
 *  method. Private methods are included in the search only if the
 *  optional second parameter evaluates to +true+.
 *
 *  If the method is not implemented,
 *  as Process.fork on Windows, File.lchmod on GNU/Linux, etc.,
 *  false is returned.
 *
 *  If the method is not defined, <code>respond_to_missing?</code>
 *  method is called and the result is returned.
 */

static VALUE
obj_respond_to(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE mid, priv;
    ID id;

    rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &mid, &priv);
    id = rb_to_id(mid);
    if (basic_obj_respond_to(obj, id, !RTEST(priv)))
    return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Boolean) respond_to_missing?(symbol, include_private)

Hook method to return whether the obj can respond to id method or not.

See #respond_to?.



# File 'vm_method.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.respond_to_missing?(symbol, include_private) -> true or false
 *
 *  Hook method to return whether the _obj_ can respond to _id_ method
 *  or not.
 *
 *  See #respond_to?.
 */
static VALUE
obj_respond_to_missing(VALUE obj, VALUE priv)
{
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Object) send(symbol[, args...]) - (Object) __send__(symbol[, args...])

Invokes the method identified by symbol, passing it any arguments specified. You can use __send__ if the name send clashes with an existing method in obj.

class Klass
  def hello(*args)
    "Hello " + args.join(' ')
  end
end
k = Klass.new
k.send :hello, "gentle", "readers"   #=> "Hello gentle readers"


# File 'vm_eval.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.send(symbol [, args...])        -> obj
 *     obj.__send__(symbol [, args...])      -> obj
 *
 *  Invokes the method identified by _symbol_, passing it any
 *  arguments specified. You can use <code>__send__</code> if the name
 *  +send+ clashes with an existing method in _obj_.
 *
 *     class Klass
 *       def hello(*args)
 *         "Hello " + args.join(' ')
 *       end
 *     end
 *     k = Klass.new
 *     k.send :hello, "gentle", "readers"   #=> "Hello gentle readers"
 */

VALUE
rb_f_send(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE recv)
{
    return send_internal(argc, argv, recv, CALL_FCALL);
}

- (Class) singleton_class

Returns the singleton class of obj. This method creates a new singleton class if obj does not have it.

If obj is nil, true, or false, it returns NilClass, TrueClass, or FalseClass, respectively. If obj is a Fixnum or a Symbol, it raises a TypeError.

Object.new.singleton_class  #=> #<Class:#<Object:0xb7ce1e24>>
String.singleton_class      #=> #<Class:String>
nil.singleton_class         #=> NilClass


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.singleton_class    -> class
 *
 *  Returns the singleton class of <i>obj</i>.  This method creates
 *  a new singleton class if <i>obj</i> does not have it.
 *
 *  If <i>obj</i> is <code>nil</code>, <code>true</code>, or
 *  <code>false</code>, it returns NilClass, TrueClass, or FalseClass,
 *  respectively.
 *  If <i>obj</i> is a Fixnum or a Symbol, it raises a TypeError.
 *
 *     Object.new.singleton_class  #=> #<Class:#<Object:0xb7ce1e24>>
 *     String.singleton_class      #=> #<Class:String>
 *     nil.singleton_class         #=> NilClass
 */

static VALUE
rb_obj_singleton_class(VALUE obj)
{
    return rb_singleton_class(obj);
}

- (Array) singleton_methods(all = true)

Returns an array of the names of singleton methods for obj. If the optional all parameter is true, the list will include methods in modules included in obj. Only public and protected singleton methods are returned.

module Other
  def three() end
end

class Single
  def Single.four() end
end

a = Single.new

def a.one()
end

class << a
  include Other
  def two()
  end
end

Single.singleton_methods    #=> [:four]
a.singleton_methods(false)  #=> [:two, :one]
a.singleton_methods         #=> [:two, :one, :three]


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.singleton_methods(all=true)    -> array
 *
 *  Returns an array of the names of singleton methods for <i>obj</i>.
 *  If the optional <i>all</i> parameter is true, the list will include
 *  methods in modules included in <i>obj</i>.
 *  Only public and protected singleton methods are returned.
 *
 *     module Other
 *       def three() end
 *     end
 *
 *     class Single
 *       def Single.four() end
 *     end
 *
 *     a = Single.new
 *
 *     def a.one()
 *     end
 *
 *     class << a
 *       include Other
 *       def two()
 *       end
 *     end
 *
 *     Single.singleton_methods    #=> [:four]
 *     a.singleton_methods(false)  #=> [:two, :one]
 *     a.singleton_methods         #=> [:two, :one, :three]
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_singleton_methods(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE recur, ary, klass;
    st_table *list;

    if (argc == 0) {
	recur = Qtrue;
    }
    else {
	rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", &recur);
    }
    klass = CLASS_OF(obj);
    list = st_init_numtable();
    if (klass && FL_TEST(klass, FL_SINGLETON)) {
	st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(klass), method_entry, (st_data_t)list);
	klass = RCLASS_SUPER(klass);
    }
    if (RTEST(recur)) {
	while (klass && (FL_TEST(klass, FL_SINGLETON) || TYPE(klass) == T_ICLASS)) {
	    st_foreach(RCLASS_M_TBL(klass), method_entry, (st_data_t)list);
	    klass = RCLASS_SUPER(klass);
	}
    }
    ary = rb_ary_new();
    st_foreach(list, ins_methods_i, ary);
    st_free_table(list);

    return ary;
}

- (Object) taint

Marks obj as tainted---if the $SAFE level is set appropriately, many method calls which might alter the running programs environment will refuse to accept tainted strings.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.taint -> obj
 *
 *  Marks <i>obj</i> as tainted---if the <code>$SAFE</code> level is
 *  set appropriately, many method calls which might alter the running
 *  programs environment will refuse to accept tainted strings.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_taint(VALUE obj)
{
    rb_secure(4);
    if (!OBJ_TAINTED(obj)) {
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) {
        rb_error_frozen("object");
    }
    OBJ_TAINT(obj);
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Boolean) tainted?

Returns true if the object is tainted.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.tainted?    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the object is tainted.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_tainted(VALUE obj)
{
    if (OBJ_TAINTED(obj))
    return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Object) tap {|x| ... }

Yields x to the block, and then returns x. The primary purpose of this method is to "tap into" a method chain, in order to perform operations on intermediate results within the chain.

(1..10) .tap {|x| puts "original: #{x.inspect}"}

.to_a                .tap {|x| puts "array: #{x.inspect}"}
.select {|x| x%2==0} .tap {|x| puts "evens: #{x.inspect}"}
.map { |x| x*x }     .tap {|x| puts "squares: #{x.inspect}"}

Yields:

  • (x)


# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.tap{|x|...}    -> obj
 *
 *  Yields <code>x</code> to the block, and then returns <code>x</code>.
 *  The primary purpose of this method is to "tap into" a method chain,
 *  in order to perform operations on intermediate results within the chain.
 *
 *  (1..10)                .tap {|x| puts "original: #{x.inspect}"}
 *    .to_a                .tap {|x| puts "array: #{x.inspect}"}
 *    .select {|x| x%2==0} .tap {|x| puts "evens: #{x.inspect}"}
 *    .map { |x| x*x }     .tap {|x| puts "squares: #{x.inspect}"}
 *
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_tap(VALUE obj)
{
    rb_yield(obj);
    return obj;
}

- (Object) to_enum(method = :each, *args) - (Object) enum_for(method = :each, *args)

Returns Enumerator.new(self, method, *args).

e.g.:

str = "xyz"

enum = str.enum_for(:each_byte)
a = enum.map {|b| '%02x' % b } #=> ["78", "79", "7a"]

# protects an array from being modified
a = [1, 2, 3]
some_method(a.to_enum)


# File 'enumerator.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *    obj.to_enum(method = :each, *args)
 *    obj.enum_for(method = :each, *args)
 *
 *  Returns Enumerator.new(self, method, *args).
 *
 *  e.g.:
 *
 *     str = "xyz"
 *
 *     enum = str.enum_for(:each_byte)
 *     a = enum.map {|b| '%02x' % b } #=> ["78", "79", "7a"]
 *
 *     # protects an array from being modified
 *     a = [1, 2, 3]
 *     some_method(a.to_enum)
 *
 */
static VALUE
obj_to_enum(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE obj)
{
    VALUE meth = sym_each;

    if (argc > 0) {
    --argc;
    meth = *argv++;
    }
    return rb_enumeratorize(obj, meth, argc, argv);
}

- (String) to_s

Returns a string representing obj. The default to_s prints the object's class and an encoding of the object id. As a special case, the top-level object that is the initial execution context of Ruby programs returns "main.''



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.to_s    -> string
 *
 *  Returns a string representing <i>obj</i>. The default
 *  <code>to_s</code> prints the object's class and an encoding of the
 *  object id. As a special case, the top-level object that is the
 *  initial execution context of Ruby programs returns ``main.''
 */

VALUE
rb_any_to_s(VALUE obj)
{
    const char *cname = rb_obj_classname(obj);
    VALUE str;

    str = rb_sprintf("#<%s:%p>", cname, (void*)obj);
    OBJ_INFECT(str, obj);

    return str;
}

- (Object) trust

Removes the untrusted mark from obj.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.trust    -> obj
 *
 *  Removes the untrusted mark from <i>obj</i>.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_trust(VALUE obj)
{
    rb_secure(3);
    if (OBJ_UNTRUSTED(obj)) {
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) {
        rb_error_frozen("object");
    }
    FL_UNSET(obj, FL_UNTRUSTED);
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Object) untaint

Removes the taint from obj.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.untaint    -> obj
 *
 *  Removes the taint from <i>obj</i>.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_untaint(VALUE obj)
{
    rb_secure(3);
    if (OBJ_TAINTED(obj)) {
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) {
        rb_error_frozen("object");
    }
    FL_UNSET(obj, FL_TAINT);
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Object) untrust

Marks obj as untrusted.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.untrust -> obj
 *
 *  Marks <i>obj</i> as untrusted.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_untrust(VALUE obj)
{
    rb_secure(4);
    if (!OBJ_UNTRUSTED(obj)) {
    if (OBJ_FROZEN(obj)) {
        rb_error_frozen("object");
    }
    OBJ_UNTRUST(obj);
    }
    return obj;
}

- (Boolean) untrusted?

Returns true if the object is untrusted.



# File 'object.c'

/*
 *  call-seq:
 *     obj.untrusted?    -> true or false
 *
 *  Returns <code>true</code> if the object is untrusted.
 */

VALUE
rb_obj_untrusted(VALUE obj)
{
    if (OBJ_UNTRUSTED(obj))
    return Qtrue;
    return Qfalse;
}

- (Object) validate_object

:nodoc:



# File 'parse.c'

/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
ripper_validate_object(VALUE self, VALUE x)
{
    if (x == Qfalse) return x;
    if (x == Qtrue) return x;
    if (x == Qnil) return x;
    if (x == Qundef)
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "Qundef given");
    if (FIXNUM_P(x)) return x;
    if (SYMBOL_P(x)) return x;
    if (!rb_is_pointer_to_heap(x))
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "invalid pointer: %p", x);
    switch (TYPE(x)) {
      case T_STRING:
      case T_OBJECT:
      case T_ARRAY:
      case T_BIGNUM:
      case T_FLOAT:
        return x;
      case T_NODE:
    if (nd_type(x) != NODE_LASGN) {
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "NODE given: %p", x);
    }
    return ((NODE *)x)->nd_rval;
      default:
        rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "wrong type of ruby object: %p (%s)",
                 x, rb_obj_classname(x));
    }
    return x;
}