Audited Build Status Dependency StatusCode Climate Security

Audited (previously acts_as_audited) is an ORM extension that logs all changes to your models. Audited can also record who made those changes, save comments and associate models related to the changes.

Audited currently (4.x) works with Rails 5.1, 5.0 and 4.2. It may work with 4.1 and 4.0, but this is not guaranteed.

For Rails 3, use gem version 3.0 or see the 3.0-stable branch.

Supported Rubies

Audited supports and is tested against the following Ruby versions:

  • 2.1.5
  • 2.2.4
  • 2.3.1
  • 2.4.1

Audited may work just fine with a Ruby version not listed above, but we can't guarantee that it will. If you'd like to maintain a Ruby that isn't listed, please let us know with a pull request.

Supported ORMs

Audited is currently ActiveRecord-only. In a previous life, Audited worked with MongoMapper. Use the 4.2-stable branch if you need MongoMapper.


Add the gem to your Gemfile:

gem "audited", "~> 4.5"

Then, from your Rails app directory, create the audits table:

$ rails generate audited:install
$ rake db:migrate

If you're using PostgreSQL, then you can use rails generate audited:install --audited-changes-column-type jsonb (or json) to store audit changes natively with its JSON column types. If you're using something other than integer primary keys (e.g. UUID) for your User model, then you can use rails generate audited:install --audited-user-id-column-type uuid to customize the audits table user_id column type.


If you're already using Audited (or acts_as_audited), your audits table may require additional columns. After every upgrade, please run:

$ rails generate audited:upgrade
$ rake db:migrate

Upgrading will only make changes if changes are needed.


Simply call audited on your models:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base

By default, whenever a user is created, updated or destroyed, a new audit is created.

user = User.create!(name: "Steve")
user.audits.count # => 1
user.update_attributes!(name: "Ryan")
user.audits.count # => 2
user.audits.count # => 3

Audits contain information regarding what action was taken on the model and what changes were made.

user.update_attributes!(name: "Ryan")
audit = user.audits.last
audit.action # => "update"
audit.audited_changes # => {"name"=>["Steve", "Ryan"]}

You can get previous versions of a record by index or date, or list all revisions.


Specifying columns

By default, a new audit is created for any attribute changes. You can, however, limit the columns to be considered.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  # All fields
  # audited

  # Single field
  # audited only: :name

  # Multiple fields
  # audited only: [:name, :address]

  # All except certain fields
  # audited except: :password

Specifying callbacks

By default, a new audit is created for any Create, Update or Destroy action. You can, however, limit the actions audited.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  # All fields and actions
  # audited

  # Single field, only audit Update and Destroy (not Create)
  # audited only: :name, on: [:update, :destroy]


You can attach comments to each audit using an audit_comment attribute on your model.

user.update_attributes!(name: "Ryan", audit_comment: "Changing name, just because")
user.audits.last.comment # => "Changing name, just because"

You can optionally add the :comment_required option to your audited call to require comments for all audits.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  audited :comment_required => true

Current User Tracking

If you're using Audited in a Rails application, all audited changes made within a request will automatically be attributed to the current user. By default, Audited uses the current_user method in your controller.

class PostsController < ApplicationController
  def create
    current_user # => #<User name: "Steve">
    @post = Post.create(params[:post])
    @post.audits.last.user # => #<User name: "Steve">

To use a method other than current_user, put the following in an initializer:

Audited.current_user_method = :authenticated_user

Outside of a request, Audited can still record the user with the as_user method:

Audited.audit_class.as_user(User.find(1)) do
  post.update_attribute!(title: "Hello, world!")
post.audits.last.user # => #<User id: 1>

The standard Audited install assumes your User model has an integer primary key type. If this isn't true (e.g. you're using UUID primary keys), you'll need to create a migration to update the audits table user_id column type. (See Installation above for generator flags if you'd like to regenerate the install migration.)

Custom Auditor

You might need to use a custom auditor from time to time. It can be done by simply passing in a string:

class ApplicationController < ActionController::Base
  def authenticated_user
    if current_user
      'Elon Musk'

Associated Audits

Sometimes it's useful to associate an audit with a model other than the one being changed. For instance, given the following models:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :company

class Company < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :users

Every change to a user is audited, but what if you want to grab all of the audits of users belonging to a particular company? You can add the :associated_with option to your audited call:

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :company
  audited associated_with: :company

class Company < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_many :users

Now, when an audit is created for a user, that user's company is also saved alongside the audit. This makes it much easier (and faster) to access audits indirectly related to a company.

company = Company.create!(name: "Collective Idea")
user = company.users.create!(name: "Steve")
user.update_attribute!(name: "Steve Richert")
user.audits.last.associated # => #<Company name: "Collective Idea">
company.associated_audits.last.auditable # => #<User name: "Steve Richert">

Disabling auditing

If you want to disable auditing temporarily doing certain tasks, there are a few methods available.

To disable auditing on a save:



@user.without_auditing do

To disable auditing on a column:

User.non_audited_columns = [:first_name, :last_name]

To disable auditing on an entire model:

User.auditing_enabled = false

Custom Audit model

If you want to extend or modify the audit model, create a new class that inherits from Audited::Audit:

class CustomAudit < Audited::Audit
  def some_custom_behavior

Then set it in an initializer:

# config/initializers/audited.rb

Audited.config do |config|
  config.audit_class = CustomAudit


Using attr_protected with Rails 4.x

If you're using the protected_attributes gem with Rails 4.0, 4.1 or 4.2 (the gem isn't supported in Rails 5.0 or higher), you'll have to take an extra couple of steps to get audited working.

First be sure to add allow_mass_assignment: true to your audited call; otherwise Audited will interfere with protected_attributes and none of your save calls will work.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  audited allow_mass_assignment: true

Second, be sure to add audit_ids to the list of protected attributes to prevent data loss.

class User < ActiveRecord::Base
  audited allow_mass_assignment: true
  attr_protected :logins, :audit_ids


You can find documentation at:

Or join the mailing list to get help or offer suggestions.


In the spirit of free software, everyone is encouraged to help improve this project. Here are a few ways you can pitch in:

  • Use prerelease versions of Audited.
  • Report bugs.
  • Fix bugs and submit pull requests.
  • Write, clarify or fix documentation.
  • Refactor code.