Module: ActionView::Helpers::TranslationHelper

Extended by:
ActiveSupport::Concern
Includes:
TagHelper
Included in:
ActionView::Helpers
Defined in:
actionview/lib/action_view/helpers/translation_helper.rb

Overview

:nodoc:

Constant Summary

Constants included from TagHelper

ActionView::Helpers::TagHelper::ARIA_PREFIXES, ActionView::Helpers::TagHelper::BOOLEAN_ATTRIBUTES, ActionView::Helpers::TagHelper::DATA_PREFIXES, ActionView::Helpers::TagHelper::PRE_CONTENT_STRINGS, ActionView::Helpers::TagHelper::TAG_TYPES

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Methods included from ActiveSupport::Concern

append_features, class_methods, extended, included, prepend_features, prepended

Methods included from TagHelper

build_tag_values, #cdata_section, #content_tag, #escape_once, #tag, #token_list

Methods included from OutputSafetyHelper

#raw, #safe_join, #to_sentence

Methods included from CaptureHelper

#capture, #content_for, #content_for?, #provide, #with_output_buffer

Instance Attribute Details

#raise_on_missing_translationsObject

Specify whether an error should be raised for missing translations


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# File 'actionview/lib/action_view/helpers/translation_helper.rb', line 15

def raise_on_missing_translations
  @raise_on_missing_translations
end

Instance Method Details

#localize(object, **options) ⇒ Object Also known as: l

Delegates to I18n.localize with no additional functionality.

See www.rubydoc.info/github/svenfuchs/i18n/master/I18n/Backend/Base:localize for more information.


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# File 'actionview/lib/action_view/helpers/translation_helper.rb', line 116

def localize(object, **options)
  I18n.localize(object, **options)
end

#translate(key, **options) ⇒ Object Also known as: t

Delegates to I18n#translate but also performs three additional functions.

First, it will ensure that any thrown MissingTranslation messages will be rendered as inline spans that:

  • Have a translation-missing class applied

  • Contain the missing key as the value of the title attribute

  • Have a titleized version of the last key segment as text

For example, the value returned for the missing translation key "blog.post.title" will be:

Title

This allows for views to display rather reasonable strings while still giving developers a way to find missing translations.

If you would prefer missing translations to raise an error, you can opt out of span-wrapping behavior globally by setting config.i18n.raise_on_missing_translations = true or individually by passing raise: true as an option to translate.

Second, if the key starts with a period translate will scope the key by the current partial. Calling translate(".foo") from the people/index.html.erb template is equivalent to calling translate("people.index.foo"). This makes it less repetitive to translate many keys within the same partial and provides a convention to scope keys consistently.

Third, the translation will be marked as html_safe if the key has the suffix “_html” or the last element of the key is “html”. Calling translate("footer_html") or translate("footer.html") will return an HTML safe string that won't be escaped by other HTML helper methods. This naming convention helps to identify translations that include HTML tags so that you know what kind of output to expect when you call translate in a template and translators know which keys they can provide HTML values for.

To access the translated text along with the fully resolved translation key, translate accepts a block:

<%= translate(".relative_key") do |translation, resolved_key| %>
  <span title="<%= resolved_key %>"><%= translation %></span>
<% end %>

This enables annotate translated text to be aware of the scope it was resolved against.


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# File 'actionview/lib/action_view/helpers/translation_helper.rb', line 73

def translate(key, **options)
  return key.map { |k| translate(k, **options) } if key.is_a?(Array)
  key = key&.to_s unless key.is_a?(Symbol)

  alternatives = if options.key?(:default)
    options[:default].is_a?(Array) ? options.delete(:default).compact : [options.delete(:default)]
  end

  options[:raise] = true if options[:raise].nil? && TranslationHelper.raise_on_missing_translations
  default = MISSING_TRANSLATION

  translation = while key || alternatives.present?
    if alternatives.blank? && !options[:raise].nil?
      default = NO_DEFAULT # let I18n handle missing translation
    end

    key = scope_key_by_partial(key)

    translated = ActiveSupport::HtmlSafeTranslation.translate(key, **options, default: default)

    break translated unless translated.equal?(MISSING_TRANSLATION)

    if alternatives.present? && !alternatives.first.is_a?(Symbol)
      break alternatives.first && I18n.translate(**options, default: alternatives)
    end

    first_key ||= key
    key = alternatives&.shift
  end

  if key.nil? && !first_key.nil?
    translation = missing_translation(first_key, options)
    key = first_key
  end

  block_given? ? yield(translation, key) : translation
end