Class: ActiveSupport::Concurrency::ShareLock

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
MonitorMixin
Defined in:
activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb

Overview

A share/exclusive lock, otherwise known as a read/write lock.

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Readers%E2%80%93writer_lock

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initializeShareLock

Returns a new instance of ShareLock.


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 49

def initialize
  super()

  @cv = new_cond

  @sharing = Hash.new(0)
  @waiting = {}
  @sleeping = {}
  @exclusive_thread = nil
  @exclusive_depth = 0
end

Instance Method Details

#exclusive(purpose: nil, compatible: [], after_compatible: [], no_wait: false) ⇒ Object

Execute the supplied block while holding the Exclusive lock. If no_wait is set and the lock is not immediately available, returns nil without yielding. Otherwise, returns the result of the block.

See start_exclusive for other options.


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 147

def exclusive(purpose: nil, compatible: [], after_compatible: [], no_wait: false)
  if start_exclusive(purpose: purpose, compatible: compatible, no_wait: no_wait)
    begin
      yield
    ensure
      stop_exclusive(compatible: after_compatible)
    end
  end
end

#raw_stateObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 17

def raw_state # :nodoc:
  synchronize do
    threads = @sleeping.keys | @sharing.keys | @waiting.keys
    threads |= [@exclusive_thread] if @exclusive_thread

    data = {}

    threads.each do |thread|
      purpose, compatible = @waiting[thread]

      data[thread] = {
        thread: thread,
        sharing: @sharing[thread],
        exclusive: @exclusive_thread == thread,
        purpose: purpose,
        compatible: compatible,
        waiting: !!@waiting[thread],
        sleeper: @sleeping[thread],
      }
    end

    # NB: Yields while holding our *internal* synchronize lock,
    # which is supposed to be used only for a few instructions at
    # a time. This allows the caller to inspect additional state
    # without things changing out from underneath, but would have
    # disastrous effects upon normal operation. Fortunately, this
    # method is only intended to be called when things have
    # already gone wrong.
    yield data
  end
end

#sharingObject

Execute the supplied block while holding the Share lock.


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 158

def sharing
  start_sharing
  begin
    yield
  ensure
    stop_sharing
  end
end

#start_exclusive(purpose: nil, compatible: [], no_wait: false) ⇒ Object

Returns false if no_wait is set and the lock is not immediately available. Otherwise, returns true after the lock has been acquired.

purpose and compatible work together; while this thread is waiting for the exclusive lock, it will yield its share (if any) to any other attempt whose purpose appears in this attempt's compatible list. This allows a “loose” upgrade, which, being less strict, prevents some classes of deadlocks.

For many resources, loose upgrades are sufficient: if a thread is awaiting a lock, it is not running any other code. With purpose matching, it is possible to yield only to other threads whose activity will not interfere.


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 75

def start_exclusive(purpose: nil, compatible: [], no_wait: false)
  synchronize do
    unless @exclusive_thread == Thread.current
      if busy_for_exclusive?(purpose)
        return false if no_wait

        yield_shares(purpose: purpose, compatible: compatible, block_share: true) do
          wait_for(:start_exclusive) { busy_for_exclusive?(purpose) }
        end
      end
      @exclusive_thread = Thread.current
    end
    @exclusive_depth += 1

    true
  end
end

#start_sharingObject


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 113

def start_sharing
  synchronize do
    if @sharing[Thread.current] > 0 || @exclusive_thread == Thread.current      # We already hold a lock; nothing to wait for

    elsif @waiting[Thread.current]      # We're nested inside a +yield_shares+ call: we'll resume as
      # soon as there isn't an exclusive lock in our way

      wait_for(:start_sharing) { @exclusive_thread }
    else
      # This is an initial / outermost share call: any outstanding
      # requests for an exclusive lock get to go first
      wait_for(:start_sharing) { busy_for_sharing?(false) }
    end
    @sharing[Thread.current] += 1
  end
end

#stop_exclusive(compatible: []) ⇒ Object

Relinquish the exclusive lock. Must only be called by the thread that called start_exclusive (and currently holds the lock).


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 95

def stop_exclusive(compatible: [])
  synchronize do
    raise "invalid unlock" if @exclusive_thread != Thread.current

    @exclusive_depth -= 1
    if @exclusive_depth == 0
      @exclusive_thread = nil

      if eligible_waiters?(compatible)
        yield_shares(compatible: compatible, block_share: true) do
          wait_for(:stop_exclusive) { @exclusive_thread || eligible_waiters?(compatible) }
        end
      end
      @cv.broadcast
    end
  end
end

#stop_sharingObject


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 130

def stop_sharing
  synchronize do
    if @sharing[Thread.current] > 1
      @sharing[Thread.current] -= 1
    else
      @sharing.delete Thread.current
      @cv.broadcast
    end
  end
end

#yield_shares(purpose: nil, compatible: [], block_share: false) ⇒ Object

Temporarily give up all held Share locks while executing the supplied block, allowing any compatible exclusive lock request to proceed.


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/concurrency/share_lock.rb', line 170

def yield_shares(purpose: nil, compatible: [], block_share: false)
  loose_shares = previous_wait = nil
  synchronize do
    if loose_shares = @sharing.delete(Thread.current)
      if previous_wait = @waiting[Thread.current]
        purpose = nil unless purpose == previous_wait[0]
        compatible &= previous_wait[1]
      end
      compatible |= [false] unless block_share
      @waiting[Thread.current] = [purpose, compatible]
    end

    @cv.broadcast
  end

  begin
    yield
  ensure
    synchronize do
      wait_for(:yield_shares) { @exclusive_thread && @exclusive_thread != Thread.current }

      if previous_wait
        @waiting[Thread.current] = previous_wait
      else
        @waiting.delete Thread.current
      end
      @sharing[Thread.current] = loose_shares if loose_shares
    end
  end
end