Class: ActiveSupport::TimeZone

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Includes:
Comparable
Defined in:
activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb

Overview

The TimeZone class serves as a wrapper around TZInfo::Timezone instances. It allows us to do the following:

  • Limit the set of zones provided by TZInfo to a meaningful subset of 146 zones.

  • Retrieve and display zones with a friendlier name (e.g., “Eastern Time (US & Canada)” instead of “America/New_York”).

  • Lazily load TZInfo::Timezone instances only when they're needed.

  • Create ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone instances via TimeZone's local, parse, at and now methods.

If you set config.time_zone in the Rails Application, you can access this TimeZone object via Time.zone:

# application.rb:
class Application < Rails::Application
  config.time_zone = 'Eastern Time (US & Canada)'
end

Time.zone      # => #<ActiveSupport::TimeZone:0x514834...>
Time.zone.name # => "Eastern Time (US & Canada)"
Time.zone.now  # => Sun, 18 May 2008 14:30:44 EDT -04:00

Constant Summary collapse

MAPPING =

Keys are Rails TimeZone names, values are TZInfo identifiers.

{
  "International Date Line West" => "Pacific/Midway",
  "Midway Island"                => "Pacific/Midway",
  "American Samoa"               => "Pacific/Pago_Pago",
  "Hawaii"                       => "Pacific/Honolulu",
  "Alaska"                       => "America/Juneau",
  "Pacific Time (US & Canada)"   => "America/Los_Angeles",
  "Tijuana"                      => "America/Tijuana",
  "Mountain Time (US & Canada)"  => "America/Denver",
  "Arizona"                      => "America/Phoenix",
  "Chihuahua"                    => "America/Chihuahua",
  "Mazatlan"                     => "America/Mazatlan",
  "Central Time (US & Canada)"   => "America/Chicago",
  "Saskatchewan"                 => "America/Regina",
  "Guadalajara"                  => "America/Mexico_City",
  "Mexico City"                  => "America/Mexico_City",
  "Monterrey"                    => "America/Monterrey",
  "Central America"              => "America/Guatemala",
  "Eastern Time (US & Canada)"   => "America/New_York",
  "Indiana (East)"               => "America/Indiana/Indianapolis",
  "Bogota"                       => "America/Bogota",
  "Lima"                         => "America/Lima",
  "Quito"                        => "America/Lima",
  "Atlantic Time (Canada)"       => "America/Halifax",
  "Caracas"                      => "America/Caracas",
  "La Paz"                       => "America/La_Paz",
  "Santiago"                     => "America/Santiago",
  "Newfoundland"                 => "America/St_Johns",
  "Brasilia"                     => "America/Sao_Paulo",
  "Buenos Aires"                 => "America/Argentina/Buenos_Aires",
  "Montevideo"                   => "America/Montevideo",
  "Georgetown"                   => "America/Guyana",
  "Greenland"                    => "America/Godthab",
  "Mid-Atlantic"                 => "Atlantic/South_Georgia",
  "Azores"                       => "Atlantic/Azores",
  "Cape Verde Is."               => "Atlantic/Cape_Verde",
  "Dublin"                       => "Europe/Dublin",
  "Edinburgh"                    => "Europe/London",
  "Lisbon"                       => "Europe/Lisbon",
  "London"                       => "Europe/London",
  "Casablanca"                   => "Africa/Casablanca",
  "Monrovia"                     => "Africa/Monrovia",
  "UTC"                          => "Etc/UTC",
  "Belgrade"                     => "Europe/Belgrade",
  "Bratislava"                   => "Europe/Bratislava",
  "Budapest"                     => "Europe/Budapest",
  "Ljubljana"                    => "Europe/Ljubljana",
  "Prague"                       => "Europe/Prague",
  "Sarajevo"                     => "Europe/Sarajevo",
  "Skopje"                       => "Europe/Skopje",
  "Warsaw"                       => "Europe/Warsaw",
  "Zagreb"                       => "Europe/Zagreb",
  "Brussels"                     => "Europe/Brussels",
  "Copenhagen"                   => "Europe/Copenhagen",
  "Madrid"                       => "Europe/Madrid",
  "Paris"                        => "Europe/Paris",
  "Amsterdam"                    => "Europe/Amsterdam",
  "Berlin"                       => "Europe/Berlin",
  "Bern"                         => "Europe/Zurich",
  "Zurich"                       => "Europe/Zurich",
  "Rome"                         => "Europe/Rome",
  "Stockholm"                    => "Europe/Stockholm",
  "Vienna"                       => "Europe/Vienna",
  "West Central Africa"          => "Africa/Algiers",
  "Bucharest"                    => "Europe/Bucharest",
  "Cairo"                        => "Africa/Cairo",
  "Helsinki"                     => "Europe/Helsinki",
  "Kyiv"                         => "Europe/Kiev",
  "Riga"                         => "Europe/Riga",
  "Sofia"                        => "Europe/Sofia",
  "Tallinn"                      => "Europe/Tallinn",
  "Vilnius"                      => "Europe/Vilnius",
  "Athens"                       => "Europe/Athens",
  "Istanbul"                     => "Europe/Istanbul",
  "Minsk"                        => "Europe/Minsk",
  "Jerusalem"                    => "Asia/Jerusalem",
  "Harare"                       => "Africa/Harare",
  "Pretoria"                     => "Africa/Johannesburg",
  "Kaliningrad"                  => "Europe/Kaliningrad",
  "Moscow"                       => "Europe/Moscow",
  "St. Petersburg"               => "Europe/Moscow",
  "Volgograd"                    => "Europe/Volgograd",
  "Samara"                       => "Europe/Samara",
  "Kuwait"                       => "Asia/Kuwait",
  "Riyadh"                       => "Asia/Riyadh",
  "Nairobi"                      => "Africa/Nairobi",
  "Baghdad"                      => "Asia/Baghdad",
  "Tehran"                       => "Asia/Tehran",
  "Abu Dhabi"                    => "Asia/Muscat",
  "Muscat"                       => "Asia/Muscat",
  "Baku"                         => "Asia/Baku",
  "Tbilisi"                      => "Asia/Tbilisi",
  "Yerevan"                      => "Asia/Yerevan",
  "Kabul"                        => "Asia/Kabul",
  "Ekaterinburg"                 => "Asia/Yekaterinburg",
  "Islamabad"                    => "Asia/Karachi",
  "Karachi"                      => "Asia/Karachi",
  "Tashkent"                     => "Asia/Tashkent",
  "Chennai"                      => "Asia/Kolkata",
  "Kolkata"                      => "Asia/Kolkata",
  "Mumbai"                       => "Asia/Kolkata",
  "New Delhi"                    => "Asia/Kolkata",
  "Kathmandu"                    => "Asia/Kathmandu",
  "Astana"                       => "Asia/Dhaka",
  "Dhaka"                        => "Asia/Dhaka",
  "Sri Jayawardenepura"          => "Asia/Colombo",
  "Almaty"                       => "Asia/Almaty",
  "Novosibirsk"                  => "Asia/Novosibirsk",
  "Rangoon"                      => "Asia/Rangoon",
  "Bangkok"                      => "Asia/Bangkok",
  "Hanoi"                        => "Asia/Bangkok",
  "Jakarta"                      => "Asia/Jakarta",
  "Krasnoyarsk"                  => "Asia/Krasnoyarsk",
  "Beijing"                      => "Asia/Shanghai",
  "Chongqing"                    => "Asia/Chongqing",
  "Hong Kong"                    => "Asia/Hong_Kong",
  "Urumqi"                       => "Asia/Urumqi",
  "Kuala Lumpur"                 => "Asia/Kuala_Lumpur",
  "Singapore"                    => "Asia/Singapore",
  "Taipei"                       => "Asia/Taipei",
  "Perth"                        => "Australia/Perth",
  "Irkutsk"                      => "Asia/Irkutsk",
  "Ulaanbaatar"                  => "Asia/Ulaanbaatar",
  "Seoul"                        => "Asia/Seoul",
  "Osaka"                        => "Asia/Tokyo",
  "Sapporo"                      => "Asia/Tokyo",
  "Tokyo"                        => "Asia/Tokyo",
  "Yakutsk"                      => "Asia/Yakutsk",
  "Darwin"                       => "Australia/Darwin",
  "Adelaide"                     => "Australia/Adelaide",
  "Canberra"                     => "Australia/Melbourne",
  "Melbourne"                    => "Australia/Melbourne",
  "Sydney"                       => "Australia/Sydney",
  "Brisbane"                     => "Australia/Brisbane",
  "Hobart"                       => "Australia/Hobart",
  "Vladivostok"                  => "Asia/Vladivostok",
  "Guam"                         => "Pacific/Guam",
  "Port Moresby"                 => "Pacific/Port_Moresby",
  "Magadan"                      => "Asia/Magadan",
  "Srednekolymsk"                => "Asia/Srednekolymsk",
  "Solomon Is."                  => "Pacific/Guadalcanal",
  "New Caledonia"                => "Pacific/Noumea",
  "Fiji"                         => "Pacific/Fiji",
  "Kamchatka"                    => "Asia/Kamchatka",
  "Marshall Is."                 => "Pacific/Majuro",
  "Auckland"                     => "Pacific/Auckland",
  "Wellington"                   => "Pacific/Auckland",
  "Nuku'alofa"                   => "Pacific/Tongatapu",
  "Tokelau Is."                  => "Pacific/Fakaofo",
  "Chatham Is."                  => "Pacific/Chatham",
  "Samoa"                        => "Pacific/Apia"
}
UTC_OFFSET_WITH_COLON =
'%s%02d:%02d'
UTC_OFFSET_WITHOUT_COLON =
UTC_OFFSET_WITH_COLON.tr(':', '')

Instance Attribute Summary collapse

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(name, utc_offset = nil, tzinfo = nil) ⇒ TimeZone

Create a new TimeZone object with the given name and offset. The offset is the number of seconds that this time zone is offset from UTC (GMT). Seconds were chosen as the offset unit because that is the unit that Ruby uses to represent time zone offsets (see Time#utc_offset).


277
278
279
280
281
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 277

def initialize(name, utc_offset = nil, tzinfo = nil)
  @name = name
  @utc_offset = utc_offset
  @tzinfo = tzinfo || TimeZone.find_tzinfo(name)
end

Instance Attribute Details

#nameObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute name


270
271
272
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 270

def name
  @name
end

#tzinfoObject (readonly)

Returns the value of attribute tzinfo


271
272
273
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 271

def tzinfo
  @tzinfo
end

Class Method Details

.[](arg) ⇒ Object

Locate a specific time zone object. If the argument is a string, it is interpreted to mean the name of the timezone to locate. If it is a numeric value it is either the hour offset, or the second offset, of the timezone to find. (The first one with that offset will be returned.) Returns nil if no such time zone is known to the system.


227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 227

def [](arg)
  case arg
    when String
    begin
      @lazy_zones_map[arg] ||= create(arg)
    rescue TZInfo::InvalidTimezoneIdentifier
      nil
    end
    when Numeric, ActiveSupport::Duration
      arg *= 3600 if arg.abs <= 13
      all.find { |z| z.utc_offset == arg.to_i }
    else
      raise ArgumentError, "invalid argument to TimeZone[]: #{arg.inspect}"
  end
end

.allObject

Returns an array of all TimeZone objects. There are multiple TimeZone objects per time zone, in many cases, to make it easier for users to find their own time zone.


218
219
220
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 218

def all
  @zones ||= zones_map.values.sort
end

.country_zones(country_code) ⇒ Object

A convenience method for returning a collection of TimeZone objects for time zones in the country specified by its ISO 3166-1 Alpha2 code.


251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 251

def country_zones(country_code)
  code = country_code.to_s.upcase
  @country_zones[code] ||=
    TZInfo::Country.get(code).zone_identifiers.map do |tz_id|
      name = MAPPING.key(tz_id)
      name && self[name]
    end.compact.sort!
end

.createObject


206
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 206

alias_method :create, :new

.find_tzinfo(name) ⇒ Object


202
203
204
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 202

def find_tzinfo(name)
  TZInfo::Timezone.new(MAPPING[name] || name)
end

.new(name) ⇒ Object

Returns a TimeZone instance with the given name, or nil if no such TimeZone instance exists. (This exists to support the use of this class with the composed_of macro.)


211
212
213
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 211

def new(name)
  self[name]
end

.seconds_to_utc_offset(seconds, colon = true) ⇒ Object

Assumes self represents an offset from UTC in seconds (as returned from Time#utc_offset) and turns this into an +HH:MM formatted string.

ActiveSupport::TimeZone.seconds_to_utc_offset(-21_600) # => "-06:00"

194
195
196
197
198
199
200
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 194

def seconds_to_utc_offset(seconds, colon = true)
  format = colon ? UTC_OFFSET_WITH_COLON : UTC_OFFSET_WITHOUT_COLON
  sign = (seconds < 0 ? '-' : '+')
  hours = seconds.abs / 3600
  minutes = (seconds.abs % 3600) / 60
  format % [sign, hours, minutes]
end

.us_zonesObject

A convenience method for returning a collection of TimeZone objects for time zones in the USA.


245
246
247
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 245

def us_zones
  country_zones(:us)
end

Instance Method Details

#<=>(zone) ⇒ Object

Compare this time zone to the parameter. The two are compared first on their offsets, and then by name.


304
305
306
307
308
309
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 304

def <=>(zone)
  return unless zone.respond_to? :utc_offset
  result = (utc_offset <=> zone.utc_offset)
  result = (name <=> zone.name) if result == 0
  result
end

#=~(re) ⇒ Object

Compare #name and TZInfo identifier to a supplied regexp, returning true if a match is found.


313
314
315
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 313

def =~(re)
  re === name || re === MAPPING[name]
end

#at(secs) ⇒ Object

Method for creating new ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone instance in time zone of self from number of seconds since the Unix epoch.

Time.zone = 'Hawaii'        # => "Hawaii"
Time.utc(2000).to_f         # => 946684800.0
Time.zone.at(946684800.0)   # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 14:00:00 HST -10:00

338
339
340
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 338

def at(secs)
  Time.at(secs).utc.in_time_zone(self)
end

#encode_with(coder) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


443
444
445
446
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 443

def encode_with(coder) #:nodoc:
  coder.tag ="!ruby/object:#{self.class}"
  coder.map = { 'name' => tzinfo.name }
end

#formatted_offset(colon = true, alternate_utc_string = nil) ⇒ Object

Returns a formatted string of the offset from UTC, or an alternative string if the time zone is already UTC.

zone = ActiveSupport::TimeZone['Central Time (US & Canada)']
zone.formatted_offset        # => "-06:00"
zone.formatted_offset(false) # => "-0600"

298
299
300
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 298

def formatted_offset(colon=true, alternate_utc_string = nil)
  utc_offset == 0 && alternate_utc_string || self.class.seconds_to_utc_offset(utc_offset, colon)
end

#init_with(coder) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


439
440
441
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 439

def init_with(coder) #:nodoc:
  initialize(coder['name'])
end

#local(*args) ⇒ Object

Method for creating new ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone instance in time zone of self from given values.

Time.zone = 'Hawaii'                    # => "Hawaii"
Time.zone.local(2007, 2, 1, 15, 30, 45) # => Thu, 01 Feb 2007 15:30:45 HST -10:00

327
328
329
330
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 327

def local(*args)
  time = Time.utc(*args)
  ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone.new(nil, self, time)
end

#local_to_utc(time, dst = true) ⇒ Object

Adjust the given time to the simultaneous time in UTC. Returns a Time.utc() instance.


419
420
421
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 419

def local_to_utc(time, dst=true)
  tzinfo.local_to_utc(time, dst)
end

#nowObject

Returns an ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone instance representing the current time in the time zone represented by self.

Time.zone = 'Hawaii'  # => "Hawaii"
Time.zone.now         # => Wed, 23 Jan 2008 20:24:27 HST -10:00

391
392
393
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 391

def now
  time_now.utc.in_time_zone(self)
end

#parse(str, now = now()) ⇒ Object

Method for creating new ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone instance in time zone of self from parsed string.

Time.zone = 'Hawaii'                   # => "Hawaii"
Time.zone.parse('1999-12-31 14:00:00') # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 14:00:00 HST -10:00

If upper components are missing from the string, they are supplied from TimeZone#now:

Time.zone.now               # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 14:00:00 HST -10:00
Time.zone.parse('22:30:00') # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 22:30:00 HST -10:00

However, if the date component is not provided, but any other upper components are supplied, then the day of the month defaults to 1:

Time.zone.parse('Mar 2000') # => Wed, 01 Mar 2000 00:00:00 HST -10:00

358
359
360
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 358

def parse(str, now=now())
  parts_to_time(Date._parse(str, false), now)
end

#period_for_local(time, dst = true) ⇒ Object

Available so that TimeZone instances respond like TZInfo::Timezone instances.


431
432
433
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 431

def period_for_local(time, dst=true)
  tzinfo.period_for_local(time, dst)
end

#period_for_utc(time) ⇒ Object

Available so that TimeZone instances respond like TZInfo::Timezone instances.


425
426
427
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 425

def period_for_utc(time)
  tzinfo.period_for_utc(time)
end

#periods_for_local(time) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


435
436
437
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 435

def periods_for_local(time) #:nodoc:
  tzinfo.periods_for_local(time)
end

#strptime(str, format, now = now()) ⇒ Object

Parses str according to format and returns an ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone.

Assumes that str is a time in the time zone self, unless format includes an explicit time zone. (This is the same behavior as parse.) In either case, the returned TimeWithZone has the timezone of self.

Time.zone = 'Hawaii'                   # => "Hawaii"
Time.zone.strptime('1999-12-31 14:00:00', '%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S') # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 14:00:00 HST -10:00

If upper components are missing from the string, they are supplied from TimeZone#now:

Time.zone.now                              # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 14:00:00 HST -10:00
Time.zone.strptime('22:30:00', '%H:%M:%S') # => Fri, 31 Dec 1999 22:30:00 HST -10:00

However, if the date component is not provided, but any other upper components are supplied, then the day of the month defaults to 1:

Time.zone.strptime('Mar 2000', '%b %Y') # => Wed, 01 Mar 2000 00:00:00 HST -10:00

382
383
384
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 382

def strptime(str, format, now=now())
  parts_to_time(DateTime._strptime(str, format), now)
end

#to_sObject

Returns a textual representation of this time zone.


318
319
320
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 318

def to_s
  "(GMT#{formatted_offset}) #{name}"
end

#todayObject

Returns the current date in this time zone.


396
397
398
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 396

def today
  tzinfo.now.to_date
end

#tomorrowObject

Returns the next date in this time zone.


401
402
403
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 401

def tomorrow
  today + 1
end

#utc_offsetObject

Returns the offset of this time zone from UTC in seconds.


284
285
286
287
288
289
290
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 284

def utc_offset
  if @utc_offset
    @utc_offset
  else
    tzinfo.current_period.utc_offset if tzinfo && tzinfo.current_period
  end
end

#utc_to_local(time) ⇒ Object

Adjust the given time to the simultaneous time in the time zone represented by self. Returns a Time.utc() instance – if you want an ActiveSupport::TimeWithZone instance, use Time#in_time_zone() instead.


413
414
415
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 413

def utc_to_local(time)
  tzinfo.utc_to_local(time)
end

#yesterdayObject

Returns the previous date in this time zone.


406
407
408
# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/values/time_zone.rb', line 406

def yesterday
  today - 1
end