Module: MiniTest::Assertions

Included in:
Unit::TestCase
Defined in:
lib/minitest/unit.rb

Overview

MiniTest Assertions. All assertion methods accept a msg which is printed if the assertion fails.

Constant Summary collapse

WINDOZE =
RbConfig::CONFIG['host_os'] =~ /mswin|mingw/

Class Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Summary collapse

Class Method Details

.diffObject

Returns the diff command to use in #diff. Tries to intelligently figure out what diff to use.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 75

def self.diff
  @diff = if WINDOZE
            "diff.exe -u"
          else
            if system("gdiff", __FILE__, __FILE__)
              "gdiff -u" # solaris and kin suck
            elsif system("diff", __FILE__, __FILE__)
              "diff -u"
            else
              nil
            end
          end unless defined? @diff

  @diff
end

.diff=(o) ⇒ Object

Set the diff command to use in #diff.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 94

def self.diff= o
  @diff = o
end

Instance Method Details

#_assertionsObject

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 173

def _assertions # :nodoc:
  @_assertions ||= 0
end

#_assertions=(n) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 169

def _assertions= n # :nodoc:
  @_assertions = n
end

#assert(test, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless test is a true value.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 180

def assert test, msg = nil
  msg ||= "Failed assertion, no message given."
  self._assertions += 1
  unless test then
    msg = msg.call if Proc === msg
    raise MiniTest::Assertion, msg
  end
  true
end

#assert_block(msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless the block returns a true value.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 193

def assert_block msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected block to return true value" }
  assert yield, msg
end

#assert_empty(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is empty.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 201

def assert_empty obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be empty" }
  assert_respond_to obj, :empty?
  assert obj.empty?, msg
end

#assert_equal(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless exp == act printing the difference between the two, if possible.

If there is no visible difference but the assertion fails, you should suspect that your #== is buggy, or your inspect output is missing crucial details.

For floats use assert_in_delta.

See also: MiniTest::Assertions.diff


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 219

def assert_equal exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg, "") { diff exp, act }
  assert(exp == act, msg)
end

#assert_in_delta(exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails unless exp and act are within delta of each other.

assert_in_delta Math::PI, (22.0 / 7.0), 0.01

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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 230

def assert_in_delta exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil
  n = (exp - act).abs
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{exp} - #{act} (#{n}) to be < #{delta}" }
  assert delta >= n, msg
end

#assert_in_epsilon(a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails unless exp and act have a relative error less than epsilon.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 240

def assert_in_epsilon a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil
  assert_in_delta a, b, [a, b].min * epsilon, msg
end

#assert_includes(collection, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless collection includes obj.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 247

def assert_includes collection, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(collection)} to include #{mu_pp(obj)}"
  }
  assert_respond_to collection, :include?
  assert collection.include?(obj), msg
end

#assert_instance_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is an instace of cls.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 258

def assert_instance_of cls, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be an instance of #{cls}, not #{obj.class}"
  }

  assert obj.instance_of?(cls), msg
end

#assert_kind_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is a kind of cls.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 269

def assert_kind_of cls, obj, msg = nil # TODO: merge with instance_of
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be a kind of #{cls}, not #{obj.class}" }

  assert obj.kind_of?(cls), msg
end

#assert_match(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless exp is =~ act.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 279

def assert_match exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(exp)} to match #{mu_pp(act)}" }
  assert_respond_to act, :"=~"
  exp = Regexp.new Regexp.escape exp if String === exp and String === act
  assert exp =~ act, msg
end

#assert_nil(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj is nil


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 289

def assert_nil obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to be nil" }
  assert obj.nil?, msg
end

#assert_operator(o1, op, o2, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For testing equality operators and so-forth.

assert_operator 5, :<=, 4

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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 299

def assert_operator o1, op, o2, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(o1)} to be #{op} #{mu_pp(o2)}" }
  assert o1.__send__(op, o2), msg
end

#assert_output(stdout = nil, stderr = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if stdout or stderr do not output the expected results. Pass in nil if you don't care about that streams output. Pass in "" if you require it to be silent.

See also: #assert_silent


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 311

def assert_output stdout = nil, stderr = nil
  out, err = capture_io do
    yield
  end

  x = assert_equal stdout, out, "In stdout" if stdout
  y = assert_equal stderr, err, "In stderr" if stderr

  (!stdout || x) && (!stderr || y)
end

#assert_raises(*exp) ⇒ Object

Fails unless the block raises one of exp


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 325

def assert_raises *exp
  msg = "#{exp.pop}\n" if String === exp.last

  should_raise = false
  begin
    yield
    should_raise = true
  rescue MiniTest::Skip => e
    details = "#{msg}#{mu_pp(exp)} exception expected, not"

    if exp.include? MiniTest::Skip then
      return e
    else
      raise e
    end
  rescue Exception => e
    details = "#{msg}#{mu_pp(exp)} exception expected, not"
    assert(exp.any? { |ex|
             ex.instance_of?(Module) ? e.kind_of?(ex) : ex == e.class
           }, exception_details(e, details))

    return e
  end

  exp = exp.first if exp.size == 1
  flunk "#{msg}#{mu_pp(exp)} expected but nothing was raised." if
    should_raise
end

#assert_respond_to(obj, meth, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless obj responds to meth.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 357

def assert_respond_to obj, meth, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} (#{obj.class}) to respond to ##{meth}"
  }
  assert obj.respond_to?(meth), msg
end

#assert_same(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless exp and act are #equal?


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 367

def assert_same exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    data = [mu_pp(act), act.object_id, mu_pp(exp), exp.object_id]
    "Expected %s (oid=%d) to be the same as %s (oid=%d)" % data
  }
  assert exp.equal?(act), msg
end

#assert_send(send_ary, m = nil) ⇒ Object

send_ary is a receiver, message and arguments.

Fails unless the call returns a true value TODO: I should prolly remove this from specs


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 381

def assert_send send_ary, m = nil
  recv, msg, *args = send_ary
  m = message(m) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(recv)}.#{msg}(*#{mu_pp(args)}) to return true" }
  assert recv.__send__(msg, *args), m
end

#assert_silentObject

Fails if the block outputs anything to stderr or stdout.

See also: #assert_output


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 393

def assert_silent
  assert_output "", "" do
    yield
  end
end

#assert_throws(sym, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails unless the block throws sym


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 402

def assert_throws sym, msg = nil
  default = "Expected #{mu_pp(sym)} to have been thrown"
  caught = true
  catch(sym) do
    begin
      yield
    rescue ArgumentError => e     # 1.9 exception
      default += ", not #{e.message.split(/ /).last}"
    rescue NameError => e         # 1.8 exception
      default += ", not #{e.name.inspect}"
    end
    caught = false
  end

  assert caught, message(msg) { default }
end

#capture_ioObject

Captures $stdout and $stderr into strings:

out, err = capture_io do
  warn "You did a bad thing"
end

assert_match %r%bad%, err

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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 428

def capture_io
  require 'stringio'

  orig_stdout, orig_stderr         = $stdout, $stderr
  captured_stdout, captured_stderr = StringIO.new, StringIO.new
  $stdout, $stderr                 = captured_stdout, captured_stderr

  yield

  return captured_stdout.string, captured_stderr.string
ensure
  $stdout = orig_stdout
  $stderr = orig_stderr
end

#diff(exp, act) ⇒ Object

Returns a diff between exp and act. If there is no known diff command or if it doesn't make sense to diff the output (single line, short output), then it simply returns a basic comparison between the two.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 104

def diff exp, act
  require "tempfile"

  expect = mu_pp_for_diff exp
  butwas = mu_pp_for_diff act
  result = nil

  need_to_diff =
    MiniTest::Assertions.diff &&
    (expect.include?("\n")    ||
     butwas.include?("\n")    ||
     expect.size > 30         ||
     butwas.size > 30         ||
     expect == butwas)

  return "Expected: #{mu_pp exp}\n  Actual: #{mu_pp act}" unless
    need_to_diff

  Tempfile.open("expect") do |a|
    a.puts expect
    a.flush

    Tempfile.open("butwas") do |b|
      b.puts butwas
      b.flush

      result = `#{MiniTest::Assertions.diff} #{a.path} #{b.path}`
      result.sub!(/^\-\-\- .+/, "--- expected")
      result.sub!(/^\+\+\+ .+/, "+++ actual")

      if result.empty? then
        klass = exp.class
        result = [
                  "No visible difference.",
                  "You should look at your implementation of #{klass}#==.",
                  expect
                 ].join "\n"
      end
    end
  end

  result
end

#exception_details(e, msg) ⇒ Object

Returns details for exception e


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 446

def exception_details e, msg
  [
   "#{msg}",
   "Class: <#{e.class}>",
   "Message: <#{e.message.inspect}>",
   "---Backtrace---",
   "#{MiniTest::filter_backtrace(e.backtrace).join("\n")}",
   "---------------",
  ].join "\n"
end

#flunk(msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails with msg


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 460

def flunk msg = nil
  msg ||= "Epic Fail!"
  assert false, msg
end

#message(msg = nil, ending = ".", &default) ⇒ Object

Returns a proc that will output msg along with the default message.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 468

def message msg = nil, ending = ".", &default
  proc {
    custom_message = "#{msg}.\n" unless msg.nil? or msg.to_s.empty?
    "#{custom_message}#{default.call}#{ending}"
  }
end

#mu_pp(obj) ⇒ Object

This returns a human-readable version of obj. By default #inspect is called. You can override this to use #pretty_print if you want.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 153

def mu_pp obj
  s = obj.inspect
  s = s.encode Encoding.default_external if defined? Encoding
  s
end

#mu_pp_for_diff(obj) ⇒ Object

This returns a diff-able human-readable version of obj. This differs from the regular mu_pp because it expands escaped newlines and makes hex-values generic (like object_ids). This uses mu_pp to do the first pass and then cleans it up.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 165

def mu_pp_for_diff obj # TODO: possibly rename
  mu_pp(obj).gsub(/\\n/, "\n").gsub(/0x[a-f0-9]+/m, '0xXXXXXX')
end

#pass(msg = nil) ⇒ Object

used for counting assertions


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 478

def pass msg = nil
  assert true
end

#refute(test, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if test is a true value


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 485

def refute test, msg = nil
  msg ||= "Failed refutation, no message given"
  not assert(! test, msg)
end

#refute_empty(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is empty.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 493

def refute_empty obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be empty" }
  assert_respond_to obj, :empty?
  refute obj.empty?, msg
end

#refute_equal(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if exp == act.

For floats use refute_in_delta.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 504

def refute_equal exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(act)} to not be equal to #{mu_pp(exp)}"
  }
  refute exp == act, msg
end

#refute_in_delta(exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails if exp is within delta of act

refute_in_delta Math::PI, (22.0 / 7.0)

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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 516

def refute_in_delta exp, act, delta = 0.001, msg = nil
  n = (exp - act).abs
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{exp} - #{act} (#{n}) to not be < #{delta}"
  }
  refute delta > n, msg
end

#refute_in_epsilon(a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

For comparing Floats. Fails if exp and act have a relative error less than epsilon.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 528

def refute_in_epsilon a, b, epsilon = 0.001, msg = nil
  refute_in_delta a, b, a * epsilon, msg
end

#refute_includes(collection, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if collection includes obj


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 535

def refute_includes collection, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(collection)} to not include #{mu_pp(obj)}"
  }
  assert_respond_to collection, :include?
  refute collection.include?(obj), msg
end

#refute_instance_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is an instance of cls


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 546

def refute_instance_of cls, obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be an instance of #{cls}"
  }
  refute obj.instance_of?(cls), msg
end

#refute_kind_of(cls, obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is a kind of cls


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 556

def refute_kind_of cls, obj, msg = nil # TODO: merge with instance_of
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be a kind of #{cls}" }
  refute obj.kind_of?(cls), msg
end

#refute_match(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if exp =~ act


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 564

def refute_match exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(exp)} to not match #{mu_pp(act)}" }
  assert_respond_to act, :"=~"
  exp = (/#{Regexp.escape exp}/) if String === exp and String === act
  refute exp =~ act, msg
end

#refute_nil(obj, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj is nil.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 574

def refute_nil obj, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not be nil" }
  refute obj.nil?, msg
end

#refute_operator(o1, op, o2, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if o1 is not op o2. Eg:

refute_operator 1, :>, 2 #=> pass
refute_operator 1, :<, 2 #=> fail

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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 585

def refute_operator o1, op, o2, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    "Expected #{mu_pp(o1)} to not be #{op} #{mu_pp(o2)}"
  }
  refute o1.__send__(op, o2), msg
end

#refute_respond_to(obj, meth, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if obj responds to the message meth.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 595

def refute_respond_to obj, meth, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) { "Expected #{mu_pp(obj)} to not respond to #{meth}" }

  refute obj.respond_to?(meth), msg
end

#refute_same(exp, act, msg = nil) ⇒ Object

Fails if exp is the same (by object identity) as act.


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 604

def refute_same exp, act, msg = nil
  msg = message(msg) {
    data = [mu_pp(act), act.object_id, mu_pp(exp), exp.object_id]
    "Expected %s (oid=%d) to not be the same as %s (oid=%d)" % data
  }
  refute exp.equal?(act), msg
end

#skip(msg = nil, bt = caller) ⇒ Object

Skips the current test. Gets listed at the end of the run but doesn't cause a failure exit code.

Raises:


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# File 'lib/minitest/unit.rb', line 616

def skip msg = nil, bt = caller
  msg ||= "Skipped, no message given"
  raise MiniTest::Skip, msg, bt
end