Class: Rack::ShowExceptions

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
lib/rack/showexceptions.rb

Overview

Rack::ShowExceptions catches all exceptions raised from the app it wraps. It shows a useful backtrace with the sourcefile and clickable context, the whole Rack environment and the request data.

Be careful when you use this on public-facing sites as it could reveal information helpful to attackers.

Constant Summary collapse

CONTEXT =
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TEMPLATE =

adapted from Django <djangoproject.com> Copyright © 2005, the Lawrence Journal-World Used under the modified BSD license: www.xfree86.org/3.3.6/COPYRIGHT2.html#5

<<'HTML'
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
  <meta name="robots" content="NONE,NOARCHIVE" />
  <title><%=h exception.class %> at <%=h path %></title>
  <style type="text/css">
    html * { padding:0; margin:0; }
    body * { padding:10px 20px; }
    body * * { padding:0; }
    body { font:small sans-serif; }
    body>div { border-bottom:1px solid #ddd; }
    h1 { font-weight:normal; }
    h2 { margin-bottom:.8em; }
    h2 span { font-size:80%; color:#666; font-weight:normal; }
    h3 { margin:1em 0 .5em 0; }
    h4 { margin:0 0 .5em 0; font-weight: normal; }
    table {
        border:1px solid #ccc; border-collapse: collapse; background:white; }
    tbody td, tbody th { vertical-align:top; padding:2px 3px; }
    thead th {
        padding:1px 6px 1px 3px; background:#fefefe; text-align:left;
        font-weight:normal; font-size:11px; border:1px solid #ddd; }
    tbody th { text-align:right; color:#666; padding-right:.5em; }
    table.vars { margin:5px 0 2px 40px; }
    table.vars td, table.req td { font-family:monospace; }
    table td.code { width:100%;}
    table td.code div { overflow:hidden; }
    table.source th { color:#666; }
    table.source td {
        font-family:monospace; white-space:pre; border-bottom:1px solid #eee; }
    ul.traceback { list-style-type:none; }
    ul.traceback li.frame { margin-bottom:1em; }
    div.context { margin: 10px 0; }
    div.context ol {
        padding-left:30px; margin:0 10px; list-style-position: inside; }
    div.context ol li {
        font-family:monospace; white-space:pre; color:#666; cursor:pointer; }
    div.context ol.context-line li { color:black; background-color:#ccc; }
    div.context ol.context-line li span { float: right; }
    div.commands { margin-left: 40px; }
    div.commands a { color:black; text-decoration:none; }
    #summary { background: #ffc; }
    #summary h2 { font-weight: normal; color: #666; }
    #summary ul#quicklinks { list-style-type: none; margin-bottom: 2em; }
    #summary ul#quicklinks li { float: left; padding: 0 1em; }
    #summary ul#quicklinks>li+li { border-left: 1px #666 solid; }
    #explanation { background:#eee; }
    #template, #template-not-exist { background:#f6f6f6; }
    #template-not-exist ul { margin: 0 0 0 20px; }
    #traceback { background:#eee; }
    #requestinfo { background:#f6f6f6; padding-left:120px; }
    #summary table { border:none; background:transparent; }
    #requestinfo h2, #requestinfo h3 { position:relative; margin-left:-100px; }
    #requestinfo h3 { margin-bottom:-1em; }
    .error { background: #ffc; }
    .specific { color:#cc3300; font-weight:bold; }
  </style>
  <script type="text/javascript">
  //<!--
    function getElementsByClassName(oElm, strTagName, strClassName){
        // Written by Jonathan Snook, http://www.snook.ca/jon;
        // Add-ons by Robert Nyman, http://www.robertnyman.com
        var arrElements = (strTagName == "*" && document.all)? document.all :
        oElm.getElementsByTagName(strTagName);
        var arrReturnElements = new Array();
        strClassName = strClassName.replace(/\-/g, "\\-");
        var oRegExp = new RegExp("(^|\\s)" + strClassName + "(\\s|$$)");
        var oElement;
        for(var i=0; i<arrElements.length; i++){
            oElement = arrElements[i];
            if(oRegExp.test(oElement.className)){
                arrReturnElements.push(oElement);
            }
        }
        return (arrReturnElements)
    }
    function hideAll(elems) {
      for (var e = 0; e < elems.length; e++) {
        elems[e].style.display = 'none';
      }
    }
    window.onload = function() {
      hideAll(getElementsByClassName(document, 'table', 'vars'));
      hideAll(getElementsByClassName(document, 'ol', 'pre-context'));
      hideAll(getElementsByClassName(document, 'ol', 'post-context'));
    }
    function toggle() {
      for (var i = 0; i < arguments.length; i++) {
        var e = document.getElementById(arguments[i]);
        if (e) {
          e.style.display = e.style.display == 'none' ? 'block' : 'none';
        }
      }
      return false;
    }
    function varToggle(link, id) {
      toggle('v' + id);
      var s = link.getElementsByTagName('span')[0];
      var uarr = String.fromCharCode(0x25b6);
      var darr = String.fromCharCode(0x25bc);
      s.innerHTML = s.innerHTML == uarr ? darr : uarr;
      return false;
    }
    //-->
  </script>
</head>
<body>

<div id="summary">
  <h1><%=h exception.class %> at <%=h path %></h1>
  <h2><%=h exception.message %></h2>
  <table><tr>
    <th>Ruby</th>
    <td><code><%=h frames.first.filename %></code>: in <code><%=h frames.first.function %></code>, line <%=h frames.first.lineno %></td>
  </tr><tr>
    <th>Web</th>
    <td><code><%=h req.request_method %> <%=h(req.host + path)%></code></td>
  </tr></table>

  <h3>Jump to:</h3>
  <ul id="quicklinks">
    <li><a href="#get-info">GET</a></li>
    <li><a href="#post-info">POST</a></li>
    <li><a href="#cookie-info">Cookies</a></li>
    <li><a href="#env-info">ENV</a></li>
  </ul>
</div>

<div id="traceback">
  <h2>Traceback <span>(innermost first)</span></h2>
  <ul class="traceback">
<% frames.each { |frame| %>
      <li class="frame">
        <code><%=h frame.filename %></code>: in <code><%=h frame.function %></code>

          <% if frame.context_line %>
          <div class="context" id="c<%=h frame.object_id %>">
              <% if frame.pre_context %>
              <ol start="<%=h frame.pre_context_lineno+1 %>" class="pre-context" id="pre<%=h frame.object_id %>">
                <% frame.pre_context.each { |line| %>
                <li onclick="toggle('pre<%=h frame.object_id %>', 'post<%=h frame.object_id %>')"><%=h line %></li>
                <% } %>
              </ol>
              <% end %>

            <ol start="<%=h frame.lineno %>" class="context-line">
              <li onclick="toggle('pre<%=h frame.object_id %>', 'post<%=h frame.object_id %>')"><%=h frame.context_line %><span>...</span></li></ol>

              <% if frame.post_context %>
              <ol start='<%=h frame.lineno+1 %>' class="post-context" id="post<%=h frame.object_id %>">
                <% frame.post_context.each { |line| %>
                <li onclick="toggle('pre<%=h frame.object_id %>', 'post<%=h frame.object_id %>')"><%=h line %></li>
                <% } %>
              </ol>
              <% end %>
          </div>
          <% end %>
      </li>
<% } %>
  </ul>
</div>

<div id="requestinfo">
  <h2>Request information</h2>

  <h3 id="get-info">GET</h3>
  <% unless req.GET.empty? %>
    <table class="req">
      <thead>
        <tr>
          <th>Variable</th>
          <th>Value</th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
          <% req.GET.sort_by { |k, v| k.to_s }.each { |key, val| %>
          <tr>
            <td><%=h key %></td>
            <td class="code"><div><%=h val.inspect %></div></td>
          </tr>
          <% } %>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  <% else %>
    <p>No GET data.</p>
  <% end %>

  <h3 id="post-info">POST</h3>
  <% unless req.POST.empty? %>
    <table class="req">
      <thead>
        <tr>
          <th>Variable</th>
          <th>Value</th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
          <% req.POST.sort_by { |k, v| k.to_s }.each { |key, val| %>
          <tr>
            <td><%=h key %></td>
            <td class="code"><div><%=h val.inspect %></div></td>
          </tr>
          <% } %>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  <% else %>
    <p>No POST data.</p>
  <% end %>


  <h3 id="cookie-info">COOKIES</h3>
  <% unless req.cookies.empty? %>
    <table class="req">
      <thead>
        <tr>
          <th>Variable</th>
          <th>Value</th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
        <% req.cookies.each { |key, val| %>
          <tr>
            <td><%=h key %></td>
            <td class="code"><div><%=h val.inspect %></div></td>
          </tr>
        <% } %>
      </tbody>
    </table>
  <% else %>
    <p>No cookie data.</p>
  <% end %>

  <h3 id="env-info">Rack ENV</h3>
    <table class="req">
      <thead>
        <tr>
          <th>Variable</th>
          <th>Value</th>
        </tr>
      </thead>
      <tbody>
          <% env.sort_by { |k, v| k.to_s }.each { |key, val| %>
          <tr>
            <td><%=h key %></td>
            <td class="code"><div><%=h val %></div></td>
          </tr>
          <% } %>
      </tbody>
    </table>

</div>

<div id="explanation">
  <p>
    You're seeing this error because you use <code>Rack::ShowExceptions</code>.
  </p>
</div>

</body>
</html>
HTML

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(app) ⇒ ShowExceptions

Returns a new instance of ShowExceptions.


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# File 'lib/rack/showexceptions.rb', line 18

def initialize(app)
  @app = app
  @template = ERB.new(TEMPLATE)
end

Instance Method Details

#call(env) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rack/showexceptions.rb', line 23

def call(env)
  @app.call(env)
rescue StandardError, LoadError, SyntaxError => e
  backtrace = pretty(env, e)
  [500,
   {"Content-Type" => "text/html",
    "Content-Length" => backtrace.join.size.to_s},
   backtrace]
end

#h(obj) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'lib/rack/showexceptions.rb', line 68

def h(obj)                  # :nodoc:
  case obj
  when String
    Utils.escape_html(obj)
  else
    Utils.escape_html(obj.inspect)
  end
end

#pretty(env, exception) ⇒ Object


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# File 'lib/rack/showexceptions.rb', line 33

def pretty(env, exception)
  req = Rack::Request.new(env)
  path = (req.script_name + req.path_info).squeeze("/")

  frames = exception.backtrace.map { |line|
    frame = OpenStruct.new
    if line =~ /(.*?):(\d+)(:in `(.*)')?/
      frame.filename = $1
      frame.lineno = $2.to_i
      frame.function = $4

      begin
        lineno = frame.lineno-1
        lines = ::File.readlines(frame.filename)
        frame.pre_context_lineno = [lineno-CONTEXT, 0].max
        frame.pre_context = lines[frame.pre_context_lineno...lineno]
        frame.context_line = lines[lineno].chomp
        frame.post_context_lineno = [lineno+CONTEXT, lines.size].min
        frame.post_context = lines[lineno+1..frame.post_context_lineno]
      rescue
      end

      frame
    else
      nil
    end
  }.compact

  env["rack.errors"].puts "#{exception.class}: #{exception.message}"
  env["rack.errors"].puts exception.backtrace.map { |l| "\t" + l }
  env["rack.errors"].flush

  [@template.result(binding)]
end