Class: ActionDispatch::HostAuthorization

Inherits:
Object
  • Object
show all
Defined in:
actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/middleware/host_authorization.rb

Overview

This middleware guards from DNS rebinding attacks by explicitly permitting the hosts a request can be sent to, and is passed the options set in config.host_authorization.

Requests can opt-out of Host Authorization with exclude:

config.host_authorization = { exclude: ->(request) { request.path =~ /healthcheck/ } }

When a request comes to an unauthorized host, the response_app application will be executed and rendered. If no response_app is given, a default one will run. The default response app logs blocked host info with level 'error' and responds with 403 Forbidden. The body of the response contains debug info if config.consider_all_requests_local is set to true, otherwise the body is empty.

Defined Under Namespace

Classes: DefaultResponseApp, Permissions

Constant Summary collapse

ALLOWED_HOSTS_IN_DEVELOPMENT =
[".localhost", IPAddr.new("0.0.0.0/0"), IPAddr.new("::/0")]
PORT_REGEX =

:nodoc:

/(?::\d+)/
SUBDOMAIN_REGEX =

:nodoc:

/(?:[a-z0-9-]+\.)/i
IPV4_HOSTNAME =

:nodoc:

/(?<host>\d+\.\d+\.\d+\.\d+)#{PORT_REGEX}?/
IPV6_HOSTNAME =

:nodoc:

/(?<host>[a-f0-9]*:[a-f0-9.:]+)/i
IPV6_HOSTNAME_WITH_PORT =

:nodoc:

/\[#{IPV6_HOSTNAME}\]#{PORT_REGEX}/i
VALID_IP_HOSTNAME =

:nodoc:

Regexp.union( # :nodoc:
  /\A#{IPV4_HOSTNAME}\z/,
  /\A#{IPV6_HOSTNAME}\z/,
  /\A#{IPV6_HOSTNAME_WITH_PORT}\z/,
)

Instance Method Summary collapse

Constructor Details

#initialize(app, hosts, exclude: nil, response_app: nil) ⇒ HostAuthorization

Returns a new instance of HostAuthorization.


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/middleware/host_authorization.rb', line 123

def initialize(app, hosts, exclude: nil, response_app: nil)
  @app = app
  @permissions = Permissions.new(hosts)
  @exclude = exclude

  @response_app = response_app || DefaultResponseApp.new
end

Instance Method Details

#call(env) ⇒ Object


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# File 'actionpack/lib/action_dispatch/middleware/host_authorization.rb', line 131

def call(env)
  return @app.call(env) if @permissions.empty?

  request = Request.new(env)

  if authorized?(request) || excluded?(request)
    mark_as_authorized(request)
    @app.call(env)
  else
    @response_app.call(env)
  end
end