Module: Enumerable

Instance Method Summary collapse

Instance Method Details

#as_json(options = nil) ⇒ Object

:nodoc:


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/object/json.rb', line 134

def as_json(options = nil) #:nodoc:
  to_a.as_json(options)
end

#compact_blankObject

Returns a new Array without the blank items. Uses Object#blank? for determining if an item is blank.

[1, "", nil, 2, " ", [], {}, false, true].compact_blank
# =>  [1, 2, true]

Set.new([nil, "", 1, 2])
# => [2, 1] (or [1, 2])

When called on a Hash, returns a new Hash without the blank values.

{ a: "", b: 1, c: nil, d: [], e: false, f: true }.compact_blank
#=> { b: 1, f: true }

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 190

def compact_blank
  reject(&:blank?)
end

#exclude?(object) ⇒ Boolean

The negative of the Enumerable#include?. Returns true if the collection does not include the object.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 121

def exclude?(object)
  !include?(object)
end

#excluding(*elements) ⇒ Object

Returns a copy of the enumerable excluding the specified elements.

["David", "Rafael", "Aaron", "Todd"].excluding "Aaron", "Todd"
# => ["David", "Rafael"]

["David", "Rafael", "Aaron", "Todd"].excluding %w[ Aaron Todd ]
# => ["David", "Rafael"]

{foo: 1, bar: 2, baz: 3}.excluding :bar
# => {foo: 1, baz: 3}

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 135

def excluding(*elements)
  elements.flatten!(1)
  reject { |element| elements.include?(element) }
end

#including(*elements) ⇒ Object

Returns a new array that includes the passed elements.

[ 1, 2, 3 ].including(4, 5)
# => [ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 ]

["David", "Rafael"].including %w[ Aaron Todd ]
# => ["David", "Rafael", "Aaron", "Todd"]

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 115

def including(*elements)
  to_a.including(*elements)
end

#index_byObject

Convert an enumerable to a hash, using the block result as the key and the element as the value.

people.index_by(&:login)
# => { "nextangle" => <Person ...>, "chade-" => <Person ...>, ...}

people.index_by { |person| "#{person.first_name} #{person.last_name}" }
# => { "Chade- Fowlersburg-e" => <Person ...>, "David Heinemeier Hansson" => <Person ...>, ...}

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 55

def index_by
  if block_given?
    result = {}
    each { |elem| result[yield(elem)] = elem }
    result
  else
    to_enum(:index_by) { size if respond_to?(:size) }
  end
end

#index_with(default = INDEX_WITH_DEFAULT) ⇒ Object

Convert an enumerable to a hash, using the element as the key and the block result as the value.

post = Post.new(title: "hey there", body: "what's up?")

%i( title body ).index_with { |attr_name| post.public_send(attr_name) }
# => { title: "hey there", body: "what's up?" }

If an argument is passed instead of a block, it will be used as the value for all elements:

%i( created_at updated_at ).index_with(Time.now)
# => { created_at: 2020-03-09 22:31:47, updated_at: 2020-03-09 22:31:47 }

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 78

def index_with(default = INDEX_WITH_DEFAULT)
  if block_given?
    result = {}
    each { |elem| result[elem] = yield(elem) }
    result
  elsif default != INDEX_WITH_DEFAULT
    result = {}
    each { |elem| result[elem] = default }
    result
  else
    to_enum(:index_with) { size if respond_to?(:size) }
  end
end

#many?Boolean

Returns true if the enumerable has more than 1 element. Functionally equivalent to enum.to_a.size > 1. Can be called with a block too, much like any?, so people.many? { |p| p.age > 26 } returns true if more than one person is over 26.

Returns:

  • (Boolean)

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 96

def many?
  cnt = 0
  if block_given?
    any? do |element|
      cnt += 1 if yield element
      cnt > 1
    end
  else
    any? { (cnt += 1) > 1 }
  end
end

#pick(*keys) ⇒ Object

Extract the given key from the first element in the enumerable.

[{ name: "David" }, { name: "Rafael" }, { name: "Aaron" }].pick(:name)
# => "David"

[{ id: 1, name: "David" }, { id: 2, name: "Rafael" }].pick(:id, :name)
# => [1, "David"]

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 167

def pick(*keys)
  return if none?

  if keys.many?
    keys.map { |key| first[key] }
  else
    first[keys.first]
  end
end

#pluck(*keys) ⇒ Object

Extract the given key from each element in the enumerable.

[{ name: "David" }, { name: "Rafael" }, { name: "Aaron" }].pluck(:name)
# => ["David", "Rafael", "Aaron"]

[{ id: 1, name: "David" }, { id: 2, name: "Rafael" }].pluck(:id, :name)
# => [[1, "David"], [2, "Rafael"]]

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 152

def pluck(*keys)
  if keys.many?
    map { |element| keys.map { |key| element[key] } }
  else
    map { |element| element[keys.first] }
  end
end

#sum(identity = nil, &block) ⇒ Object

Calculates a sum from the elements.

payments.sum { |p| p.price * p.tax_rate }
payments.sum(&:price)

The latter is a shortcut for:

payments.inject(0) { |sum, p| sum + p.price }

It can also calculate the sum without the use of a block.

[5, 15, 10].sum # => 30
['foo', 'bar'].sum # => "foobar"
[[1, 2], [3, 1, 5]].sum # => [1, 2, 3, 1, 5]

The default sum of an empty list is zero. You can override this default:

[].sum(Payment.new(0)) { |i| i.amount } # => Payment.new(0)

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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 37

def sum(identity = nil, &block)
  if identity
    _original_sum_with_required_identity(identity, &block)
  elsif block_given?
    map(&block).sum(identity)
  else
    inject(:+) || 0
  end
end

#without(*elements) ⇒ Object

Alias for #excluding.


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# File 'activesupport/lib/active_support/core_ext/enumerable.rb', line 141

def without(*elements)
  excluding(*elements)
end